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Maryland 
HV 

6793 
.M3S74 
1989 
Folio 



1989 

UNIFORM 
CRIME 
REPORTS 

CRIME 

IN 

MARYLAND 



STATE OF MARYLAND 
CENTRAL RECORDS DIVISION 



1975 - 1989 



Memben/i of the Cenlnal ReconcLi Division ex.pneA4 
theln sympathy to the. famllLeA of the following 
Masiyland Law Cnfoncement Offlcensi who wojie killed in 
the tine of duty.: 



Masit Hudson, fa. 
Wallace Q. Mow b nay 
Timothy. B. Rldenoun 
Donald R. Kline 
fahn 6. Daly, fa. 
fahn M. hnontc^ak 
$immy D. Halcomb 
Monk C. F eathen/stone 
DennJUs L. 'Riley 
foul N. Mitchell 

ChajileA A. Huckeba 
Qnegg A. fneAbuny 
£dgan Q. Runup f 
Alben.t M. Claggett OV 
tyameA B. Stuasit 
Nelson F. Bell, fa. 
David Q. Levlngood 
fa ha £. Spencen 
William f. MILU 
Qeonge IAo/ulLa 
William 6. Alb en* 
Antonio M. Kel/iey 



Philip C. Met j 
Ronald C. Tn.ac.ey 
Raymond Hubband 
Allen fahn^on 
Qasiy L. Wade 
Rlchand Beaven.4 
Ca/ilton Fletchen 
Samuel Snydesi 
Robert Q. King. 
MancelluA Wand 

Vincent Adolpho 
Rlcha/id Q. Lean 
Qnegony A. May 
Cany S. Poetgman 
Rlchand T. (Allien 
Robent T. fyleA 
Robejtt Alexander 
Robent W. Zimmenman 
fahn Sawa 
Lanjiy £. Small 
Plank K. Munphy 
Cnlc D. Monk 
William Q. Mantln 



MARYLAND 



UNIFORM 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND CR/I]VI E 

OCT 11 1990 



I MARYLANDIA DEPT. 
STATE DOCUMENTS 



REPORTS 



WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER, G overnor 



BISHOP L. ROBINSON, Secretary, 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 

HV 

ELMER H. TIPPET, Superintendent, 

Maryland State Police 



500 59 34 



CENTRAL RECORDS DIVISION 



IDA J.WILLIAMS, Director 



UNIV. OF MD COLLEGE PARK 




3 1M30 1 

UNIV. OF MD COLLEGE PARK 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTING 
SECTION 




3 1130 D312EM2M 1 



JOHN VESPA Field Records, Representative 
VICTOR KESSLER Field Records, Representative 
DENISE VIDI SCHERER, Administrative Specialist 




STATE OF MARYLAND 



DEPARTMENT OF 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 



WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER 
GOVERNOR 



MARYLAND STATE POLICE 

PIKESVILLE, MARYLAND 21208-3899 
AREA CODE 301 486-3101 
TTY FOR DEAF AREA CODE 301 486-0677 



BISHOP L. ROBINSON 

SECRETARY 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND 
CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 



MELVIN A STEINBERG 
LT GOVERNOR 



July 20, 1990 



COLONEL ELMER H TIPPETT 
SUPERINTENDENT 
MARYLAND STATE POLICE 



The Honorable William Donald Schaefer 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 

Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Schaefer: 

Pursuant to Article 88B, Sections 9 and 10, of 
the Annotated Code of Maryland, the Maryland State 
Police respectfully submits the 1989 Uniform Crime 
Report for your information and review. 

The information presented here represents the 
fifteenth annual report produced by the Maryland 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program. The statistics 
presented were compiled from monthly reports 
submitted to the Central Records Division of the 
Maryland State Police by all law enforcement agencies 
throughout Maryland. Every effort has been made to 
verify the accuracy and completeness of the published 
inf ormat ion . 

This information is presented with the hope that 
it will be of valuable assistance to law enforcement 
personnel and members of the Executive and Legislative 
branches of government. It should be helpful in 
planning programs and legislation to combat criminal 
activity in Maryland. 



Sincerely , 




Superintendent 



EHTrrs 



Enclosure 



IGam latforomrttt (Haht of iEtljirB 



Ah a ?Gam iEnfnm me nt ©ffirpr, «. y funJ*m.ntJ Jui f u u 

Serve mankind; to safeguard fives and property; to protect the innocent against 
deception, the weah aaainit oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful 
against violence or disorder; and to respect the Constitutional rights of all 
men to liberty, eauality and Jus ft 



nee. 



I mill heep my private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain coura- 
geous calm in the face of danger, scorn, or ridicule; develop Self-restraint; and 
he constantly mindful of the welfare of others, ^dJonest in thought and deed 
in Loth my personal and off icial life, *3 will be exemplary in obeying the laws 
of the land and the regulations of mu department. Whatever J see or hear of 
a confidential nature or that is confided to me in my off icial capacity will be 
hept ever Secret unless revelation is necessary in the performance of my duty. 

I mill never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animos- 
ities or friendships to influence my decisions, no compromise for crime 
and with relentless prosecution of criminals, ^ will enforce the law courteously 
and appropriately without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never employing 
unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities. 

I rrmgntZF the Ldge of my office as a Symbol of public faith, and 
J) accept it as a public trust to be held so long as -3 am true to the eth ICS of 
the police service. _9 will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals, 
dedicating myself before (jod to my chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 



On behalf of the Maryland State Uniform Crime Contributors, 
a special appreciation is extended to the following for their continued 
support of the program: 



Chief Russell E. Wroten 
Cambridge Police Department 



Sheriff John F. DeWitt 
Cecil County Sheriff's Office 



Chief Robert E. Giles 
Cumberland Police Department 



Sheriff Robert C. Snyder 
Frederick County Sheriff's Office 



Lieutenanc Colonel D.R. Leslie 
Maryland National Capital Park Police 
Prince George's County 



Chief Leroy Duggan 
Ocean City Police Department 



Colonel Joseph H. Langley 
Pikesville Military Rerservation 



Our Uniform Crime Reporting Seminars continue to be a huge 
success thanks to their generosity and willingness to assist. 

As always, a special thanks is in order to Mr. Richard 
Tamberrino of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional 
Services for his annual assistance in the preparation of the Crime in 
Maryland Book. Thanks is also extended to Mr. Ray Franklin and the 
staff of the Maryland Police Training Commission. 



v 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Letter of Transmittal iii 

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics iv 

Acknowledgement v 

Introduction 3 

Classification of Offenses 11 

Crime Factors 23 

Crime Index 25 

Maryland Offense Data 27 

Crime Index Offenses 29 

Murder 38 

Rape 44 

Robbery 48 

Aggravated Assault 54 

Breaking or Entering 58 

Larceny 64 

Motor Vehicle Theft 70 

Arson 74 

Battered Spouse 80 

Index Offense Data 97 

Municipality Crime Rate 141 

Maryland Arrest Data 152 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 163 

Law Enforcement Officers Killed 165 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted 167 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 181 



vi 



LIST OF TABLES AND CHARTS 



Crime Index and Clearances for Maryland 1 

Maryland UCR System Flow 9 

Crime Index Offenses-Volume by Month 32 

Violent Crime-Volume by Month 33 

Property Crime-Volume by Month 34 

Stolen Property-Analysis of value Stolen & Recovered 35 

Murder-Volume by Month 40 

Murder-Distribution by Circumstances 41 

Murder-Distribution by Type of Weapon 42 

Rape-Volume by Month 46 

Robbery-Volume by Month 50 

Robbery-Distribution by Nature 51 

Aggravated Assault-Volume by Month 56 

Breaking or Enteri ng-Vol ume by Month 60 

Breaking or Entering-Distribution by Nature 61 

Larceny-Volume by Month 66 

Larceny-5 Year Distribution by Mature 67 

Motor Vehicle Theft-Volume by Month 72 

Arson-Volume by Month 76 

Arson-Distribution by Type of Property 77 

Maryland UCR Crime Index Report by Region, County, & Agency... 100 

Municipality Crime Index 142 

Arrests-Juvenile 156 

Arrests-Adult 157 

Arrest Rate-5 Year Trend 158 

Arrests-Sex & Race of Persons Arrested 159 

Arrests-Age of Persons Arrested 160 

Maryland Arrest Report by Region, County, & Agency * 

Police Assaul ted-Ci rcumstance 168 

Police Assaulted-Time of Day 168 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaul ted-By Agency 169 

Law Enforcement Employee Rates 182 

Law Enforcement Data by Agency 183 

Sworn Law Enforcement Employee Data-10 Year County Trend 189 



*See Maryland Arrest Data Supplement. 



vii 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/stateofmarylandu1989stat 



CRIME INDEX FOR MARYLAND 

10 YEAR TREND 



TOTAL 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 



Murder 



Offenses 


416 


540 


452 


445 


399 


350 


354 


367 


431 


422 


399 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


9.4 


11.5 


9.7 


9.8 


8.9 


8.0 


8.1 


8,5 


10.1 


9.9 


9.5 


Percent Cleared 


77 


71 


72 


73 


73 


78 


82 


77 


81 


81 


77 


National Average 


72 




70 


70 


70 


72 


74 


76 


74 


72 


72 



Rape 



Offenses 


1.705 


1.783 


1.721 


1.894 


1,947 


1.711 


1.644 


1.412 


1.59b 


1.663 


1.681 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


73.6 


76,0 


74.1 


83.5 


87.3 


77.9 


75.6 


65.7 


74.8 


78.1 


80.2 


Percent Cleared 


58 


59 


58 


56 


60 


59 


56 


59 


58 


58 


54 


National Average 


52 




52 


53 


52 


54 


54 


52 


51 


48 


49 



Robbery 



Offenses 


14,778 


15,584 


13.991 


13.363 


13.570 


13,276 


13.113 


14.950 


15.377 


18.095 


16,462 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


336.2 


332.0 


301.3 


294.7 


304.1 


302.3 


301.5 


347.7 


360.5 


424.7 


392.7 


Percent Cleared 


24 


25 


25 


24 


24 


24 


26 


25 


25 


23 


23 


National Average 


25 


• 


26 


27 


25 


25 


26 


26 


25 


24 


24 



Aggravated Assault 



Offenses 


19,684 


22.206 


21.290 


19.597 


21.226 


21.425 


19.369 


18.007 


18.845 


17.691 


17.182 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


419,3 


473,1 


458.4 


432.1 


475.6 


487.8 


445.4 


418.8 


441.9 


415.2 


409.9 


Percent Cleared 


59 


64 


67 


66 


62 


58 


54 


55 


54 


55 


57 


National Average 


60 




57 


59 


59 


62 


61 


61 


60 


58 


59 



Burglary 



Offenses 


57,602 


52.698 


54.696 


53.226 


55.596 


53.168 


51.498 


52.697 


60.547 


70,762 


71.130 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


1,311.7 


1.122.7 


1.177.8 


1,173.7 


1.245.7 


1.210.6 


1.184.1 


1.225.5 


1.419.6 


1,660.7 


1.696.8 


Percent Cleared 


17 


18 


17 


18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


National Average 
\ 


14 




14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


15 


15 


14 


14 










Larceny 














Offenses 


13.729 


136,929 


141.416 


136.863 


132.899 


126.193 


123.625 


127,443 


142.903 


152.544 


152.089 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


3.119.8 


2.917.1 


3,045.1 


3.017.9 


2.S77.8 


2.874.6 


2.842.6 


2,963.8 


3.350.6 


3.580.0 


3.628.1 


Percent Cleared 


18 


20 


19 


18 


18 


18 


18 


19 


18 


18 


18 


National Average 


19 




20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


19 


19 


19 


18 



Motor Vehicle Theft 



Offenses 


22,044 


31,163 


31,198 


26,419 


24.331 


20.265 


17.284 


15.688 


16.719 


18.486 


18,885 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


496.3 


663.9 


671.8 


582.6 


545.2 


461.4 


397.4 


364.8 


392.0 


433.8 


450.5 


Percent Cleared 


17 


17 


18 


18 


17 


17 


16 


15 


15 


17 


16 


National Average 


15 




15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


14 


14 


14 



Grand Total 



Offenses 


253.519 


2b0.903 


264.764 


251.807 


249.968 


236.388 


226.887 


230.564 


256.418 


279.663 


277.828 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


5.257.7 


5,558.2 


5.701.2 


5,552.5 


5.600.9 


5,382.2 


5.217.0 


5.362.0 


6.012.2 


6.563.3 


6.627.6 


Percent Cleared 


22 


23 


23 


23 


22 


22 


22 


22 


21 


21 


20 


National Average 


20 




21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


20 


19 


19 



'National Average For 1989 Not Available As Of Printing Of This Book. 



1 



INTRODUCTION 



The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is one of 
the measures that has been taken in the establishment of an effective 
Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) for the State. This particular 
phase of the CJIS focuses on the incidence of crime and law enforcement. 
By establishing a method to collect, evaluate and process uniform statistical 
data on crime statewide, the Maryland UCR Program provides the means to 
forward more valid data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation from a single 
agency and also to consolidate it into an annual report entitled "Crime in 
Maryl and" . 



NATIONAL UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

The counterpart of the Statewide UCR Program is the National 
UCR Program which is under the direction of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation. The National Program resulted from a need for a uniform 
compilation of crime statistics nationwide. Uniform Crime Reports were 
first collected in 1930 after being developed by a committee of the 
International Association of Chiefs of Police. 

The IACP continues to serve in an advisory capacity to the FBI 
in the current operation of the Program. 

Crime statistics voluntarily submitted by individual law 
enforcement agencies from all fifty states are presented annually in 
the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports Publication entitled "Crime in the United 
States". 



MARYLAND UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

The FBI has actively assisted individual states in the development 
of State UCR Programs compatible with the National Program. Maryland took 
advantage of this assistance in 1972 and was able to develop its own program 
by 1975 . 

The responsibility and authority for the collection and dissemi- 
nation of UCR data was given to the Maryland Department of Public Safety 
and Correctional Services (State Police) under Article 88B, Sections 9 and 
10, of the Annotated Code of Maryland. 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program became operational 
January 1, 1975. This program consists of the uniform classification, 
review, compilation and analysis of crime statistics reported by all law 
enforcement agencies of the state pursuant to the guidelines and regula- 
tions prescribed by law. 



3 



PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES 



In keeping with the recommendation of the President's Commission 
on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, the Maryland UCR 
Program was planned for eventual growth into a complete and integrated 
offender based Criminal Justice Information System. Under this program, 
each offender arrested in Maryland will be tracked through the entire 
criminal justice system from time of arrest through the courts to the 
correctional system where his exit (Parole, expiration of sentence, etc.) 
will be recorded. In this manner, a complete "criminal history" on 
individual offenders will be available for use by the police, courts, and 
correctional agencies in Maryland. In addition, statistical data derived 
from the CJIS Program will provide assistance in determining the overall 
efficiency of the criminal justice system in Maryland and will make 
effective management studies possible. 

The fundamental objectives of the Maryland UCR Program are: 



1. Inform the governor, legislature, other governmental 
officials, and the public as to the nature of the 
crime problem in Maryland - its magnitude and its 
trends . 

2. Provide law enforcement administrators wi th crimi nal 
statistics for administrative and operational use. 

3. Determine who commits crimes by age, sex, race and 
other attributes in order to find the proper focus 
for crime prevention and enforcement. 

4. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
workload and effectiveness of Maryland's Criminal 
Justice System. 

5. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
effects of prevention and deterrence programs. 

6. Provide base data and statistics for research to 
improve the efficiency, effectiveness and perfor- 
mance of criminal justice agencies. 

7. Provide base data to assist in the assessment of 
social and other causes of crime for the develop- 
ment of theories of criminal behavior. 

8. Provide the FBI with complete UCR data to be in- 
cluded in the national crime reports. 



4 



DEVELOPMENT 



Effective September 1972, the first federal grant was 
awarded to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 
(State Police) by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to 
provide money to initiate a Statewide Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
in Maryland. A committee for the implementation of this program was 
then established by State Police. 

The committee made studies of the federal program, as well 
as several state UCR Programs, which were operational at that time. 
Forms, tally books, and the Maryland UCR Manual were developed, 
printed and distributed to all contributing agencies. Questionnaires 
concerning each law enforcement agency's record keeping system were 
distributed to determine their capability to fully participate in the 
State Program. 

In September 1974, an additional grant was awarded to the 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) 
by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration for the purpose of 
hiring Field Records Representatives to serve as liaison officers 
between the State Program and the contributing law enforcement agencies. 
Also, additional clerical support for the State Program was provided in 
the grant. 

During the developmental phase, several workshops were held in 
various parts of the State to present the UCR Program in detail to 
participating agencies. Since that time, supplemental workshops have 
been held as needed. 

During 1975, the first year of operation, the UCR Staff 
concentrated its efforts in assisting requesting law enforcement 
agencies in devising or improving their record keeping system. 
The UCR Staff continued to keep the agencies trained in UCR and to 
provide assistance where needed. Agencies contributing to the UCR 
Program have increased from 102 agencies in 1975 to 129 in 1989. 

The UCR Section collects crime information from these 129 
agencies and publishes quarterly releases reflecting crime trends. 
In addition, this is the fifteenth annual report produced by the UCR 
Staff containing an in-depth analysis of all information collected in 
the UCR Program. It also includes for the first time the eleventh 
annual Maryland Battered Spouse Report. 



REPORTING PROCEDURES 

Under the Maryland UCR Program, law enforcement agencies are 
required to submit specified Uniform Crime Reports. The necessary 
information for each of the required reports is gathered from each 
agency's record of complaints, investigations and arrests. 



5 



Crime data and information is submitted by state, county, 
and municipal law enforcement agencies monthly on the number of 
offenses known to them in the following crime categories: 

( 1 ) Crimi nal Homicide 

(2) Forcible Rape 

(3) Robbery 

(4) Assault 

(5) Breaking or Entering 

(6) Larceny 

(7) Motor Vehicle Theft 

(8) Arson* 

The count of offenses is taken from the record of complaints 
received by law enforcement agencies from victims, witnesses, other 
sources, or discovered by them during their own operation. Complaints 
determined by subsequent investigation to be unfounded are eliminated 
from the count. The resulting number of "actual offenses known to law 
enforcement agencies" in these crime categories are reported without 
regard for whether anyone is arrested, stolen property is recovered, 
local prosecutive policy or any other consideration. 

Reported offenses are recorded by the municipality and county 
in which they occur. Municipal law enforcement agencies report those 
crimes which occur within the cities and state or county agencies report 
those crimes which occur in the counties outside the cities. 

A supplemental report is also submitted each month showing the 
value of stolen and recovered property, the type of property, and the 
type of offense within a crime category in which it was taken. This report 
also shows the number of stolen vehicles recovered locally and by other 
jurisdictions. In addition, each agency reports the number of all persons 
arrested by them or other agencies for crimes which they have reported 
occurred within their jurisdiction. This report also shows the age, sex 
and race of the arrestees and the disposition of the juvenile arrestees 
by the arresting agency. When applicable supplemental reports are also 
submitted regarding the persons, weapons and circumstances, etc., involved 
in homicides and spousal or officer assaults. 

In addition, police employee data is collected on an annual 

basi s. 

VERIFICATION PROCESS 

An obvious concern in the collection of crime statistics 
for law enforcement agencies throughout the state is the uniformity 



*Monthly arson reports are submitted for law enforcement agencies by the 
State Fire Marshal's Office and designated county agencies. 



6 



and accuracy of data received. Program aides such as guides and 
instructions do not necessarily guarantee the accuracy and correctness 
of the reports submitted by the contributors. Therefore, additional 
controls are necessary. 

Each report received by the UCR Section is recorded, examined 
and verified for mathematical accuracy, and possibly more important, 
for reasonableness. The verification process includes numerous checks 
to ensure the validity of information. The elimination of duplication 
of reporting by individual contributors receives particular attention. 
Minor errors are corrected by telephone contact with the contributors. 
Substantial variations and errors are adjusted through personal contacts. 
The personal contacts are invaluable to the accuracy and quality of 
reporting. Field Representatives are engaged in a constant educational 
effort, and as such, provide a vital link between the UCR Program and the 
contributor. 



POPULATION DATA 

The computation of crime rates as they appear in this report 
by municipality, county and state are based on the latest available 
population estimates for the year as provided by the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation through the cooperation and assistance of the United 
States Bureau of Census. 



LIMITATIONS OF A UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

Information currently collected by the Maryland Program is 
generally the same as that gathered by the National system, and the 
methods of classifying and scoring offenses and arrests are the same. 
This readily enables comparisons with other states and with the nation, 
as a whole. However, there are limitations to the information collected 
which should be clearly understood before any conclusions are drawn from 
the UCR data presented in this report. 

The main goal of the UCR Program is to furnish police admini- 
strators with a measure of their activities and operational problems as 
indicated by the number of reported offenses, arrests, clearances, and 
the like. 

A first step in the control of crime is to ascertain the 
true dimensions of the problem. However, present statistics as gather- 
ed by the UCR Program measure neither the real incidence of crime nor 
the full amount of economic loss to victims. Information regarding 
number of offenses and clearances is collected only for the eight 
Part I crimes. Value and type of property stolen and recovered data 
is requested only for property stolen in Part I offenses. For Part II 
offenses (except non-aggravated assault), the only information sub- 
mitted is the number of arrests for these crimes according to the age, 



7 



sex, and race of the subject. Consequently, there is no record of the 
actual number of these offenses occurring, nor is there a calculation 
made for property loss, as in cases of Part II theft offenses and 
vandal i sm. 

The Crime Index does not explicitly take into account the 
varying degrees of seriousness of its seven components. Each crime 
receives the same weight as it is added to the Index. Consequently, 
as auto theft is counted the same as a murder, and an aggravated 
assault is weighed equally with an attempted breaking or entering. 
Any review of crime must consider the volume, rate and trend of each 
offense that comprises the Index and the relationship between these 
seven crimes*. 

The Maryland and National Uniform Crime Reporting Programs 
are designed to measure offenses committed and persons arrested, and 
difficulties can arise if this distinction is not kept clearly in 
mind. Crimes relate to events, but arrests relate to persons. Un- 
like traffic violations where there is usually one event with one 
violation and one offender, a single criminal act can involve several 
crimes, several offenders and several victims. Relating specific 
crimes to the criminal, or specific offenses to characteristics of 
those arrested, is generally beyond the scope of the present Uniform 
Crime Reporting system. 

Juvenile crime and arrest statistics, because of their 
nature, are another area of misunderstanding. Many juvenile offen- 
ders are handled informally and, as a consequence, inaccurate or 
incomplete recording of the event or action may result. Procedures 
for handling juveniles vary between departments more so than the 
handling of adult offenders. Furthermore, the degree of juvenile 
involvement in solved offenses is probably seriously misunderstood, 
because juvenile participation in clearances is recorded only when 
juveniles are exclusively involved. When both adults and juveniles 
are subjects in a clearance, the juvenile participation is not re- 
ported . 

The preceding comments should not be viewed as an indict- 
ment of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program which, admittedly, is 
designed for the operational requirements of law enforcement agencies. 
While current methods of gathering and reporting crime and arrest data 
provide a less than complete picture of criminality in our society, 
there is at present no other information system in general use that 
will more adequately perform this task. 



* Arson is not used at this time in computing the Crime Index. 



8 



MARYLAND UCR SYSTEM FLOW 



Field 
Liaison 
Unit 



Law 
Enforcement 
Agency 



i 



UCR 
Returns 




1 



Veri tied 



No 



^ Correct ^ 



National Copy 



Maryland Copy 



Publ ic/ 
Research 




Victim 



FBI 



INPUT 



i 



Hard Copy 
File 



Criminal 

Justice 

Agencies 



General 
Assembly 



Attorney 
General 



Governor 



9 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 



Uniformity in reporting is based upon the proper classification 
of offenses. 

The adoption of the Federal System of UCR included the utilization 
of the offense classifications of that system. Law enforcement agencies of 
this State have made accurate application of those classifications in the 
reports submitted to the Maryland UCR System. 



OFFENSES IN UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 

Offenses in UCR are divided into two groupings designated as Part I 
and Part II offenses. Offense and arrest information is reported for the 
Part I offenses whereas only arrest information is reported for Part II offenses. 



The Part I offenses are as follows: 

1. CRIMINAL HOMICIDE 

The willful ( nonnegl i gent ) killing of one person 
by another. 

Includes murder and all nonnegligent manslaughter 
(except traffic fatalities) including cases involving 
possible legal justification or excuse, etc. for the 
killing such as self defense or insanity, etc. the 
willful killing of one person by another is being 
reported, not the liability, guilt or innocence, etc. 
The only justifiable or excusable homicide specifically 
identified in UCR is limited to the killing of a felon 
by a peace officer in the line of duty or during the 
commission of a felony by a private citizen. 

Excludes attempts/assaults to murder/kill (see aggrava- 
ted assault), accidental deaths (see manslaughter by 
negligence), suicides and traffic fatalities. 

2. RAPE 

Sexual intercourse with a female forcibly and against 
her will and attempts to commit same. Includes: 

a) Rape achieved by the use of a weapon, 
physical force, threat or placing the 
victim in fear, and 

b) Attempt/assault to rape. 



11 



Excludes statutory offenses (i.e. victim under the age of 
consent) unless against her will and a weapon, force, threat, 
fear or intimidation was involved; and other sex offenses, e. 
sodomy, indecent exposure or toucning only, etc. 



ROBBERY 

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the 
care, custody or control of a person(s) by the use of a 
weapon, physical force, threat or placing the victim in fear. 

Includes holdup/stickup achieved by: 

a) Firearm 

b) Knife or other stabbing/cutting instrument 

c) Other dangerous weapon, and 

d) Strongarm-muggi ng/yol ki ng by physical force, 
attack or threat. 

Excludes pocket-picking, purse snatching and shoplifting, etc 
in which the use of force or threat by the assailant and 
resistance, awareness or fear by the victim is absent (see 
1 arceny ) . 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Unlawful assault with a weapon or other means having the 
potential to cause death or serious injury and attempts to 
commit same, or without a weapon which results in serious 
i njury . 

Includes attempts/assaults to murder/kill or seriously 
injure/maim such as the use or threatened use of 
dangerous/deadly weapons: 

a) Firearm 

b) Knife or other stabbing/cutting instrument and 

c) Other dangerous weapon including, but not limited 
to objects/instruments to club, beat, strike, choke 
or burn, and caustic, poisonous or explosive 
substances . 

d) Assaults with hands, fists, teeth, feet, etc. which 
result in serious injury, e.g. broken bones, 
unconsciousness, laceration requiring stitches, 
internal injuries, etc. 



12 



Excludes assaults with hands, fists, feet, etc. which 
result in minor injuries only, e.g. contusions, abrasions, 
small lacerations, etc., and with a weapon which lacks 
the potential to injure and no injury has resulted, e.g. 
pillow, water, magazine, empty container, toy, etc. (see 
other assaults-simple). 

5. BURGLARY 

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or 
theft. 

Incl udes : 

a) Forcible entry including the use of lock 
picks, plastic card, master key, unauthorized 
use of a key, etc. 

b) Unlawful entry-no force (trespass) through 
open or unlocked door, window, doorway, 
entrance, or into an area of restricted 
access, etc., and 

c) Attempted forcible entry. 

Excludes unlawful entry where no theft, felony or attempt 
was involved, e.g. by a vandal, homeless person, etc.; 
unlawful entry of a place which is not considered a 
structure for UCR purposes, e.g. boat, recreational vehicle, 
housetrai 1 er , tent, carport, pavilion, etc.; and lawful 
entry of a place of open access (see larceny from building 
and definition of a structure in UCR Handbook). 



6. LARCENY 

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the 
care, custody or control of a person(s) without their consent 
or knowledge. 

Incl udes : 

a) Pocket-picking 

b) Purse snatching 

c) Shoplifting 

d) From motor vehicle 

e) Of motor vehicle parts and accessories 



13 



f) Bicycles 

g) From buildings (without trespass) 

h) From coin operated device, and 

i) All other larceny not within above 
categories e.g. thefts from a boat, 
housetrai 1 er , tent, construction 
site, fenced enclosure, etc.; and 

of a boat, animal, construction/farm/ 
garden equipment or tools, lawn 
furniture, obtaining gas from a self 
service gas station without paying 
etc . 

Excludes thefts by means of embezzlement, forgery, 
counterfeiting, con games, false pretenses, bad checks, 
unauthorized use of credit and automatic teller machine 
cards, obtaining gas at a full service gas station without 
paying, failure to pay bills, etc. in which the thief is 
given, entrusted with or permitted to obtain their money 
or property by the victim. 



7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. 
Includes the taking of a: 

a) Car, automobile, taxi, etc. 

b) Truck, bus, van, recreational vehicle, 
motor home, etc . , and 

c) Other vehicle, e.g. motorcycle, snow 
mobile, golf cart, go cart, etc. by 
a person not having lawful access to 
it. 

Excludes the unauthorized use or failure to return a vehicle 
by a person having lawful access to it, e.g. family members, 
friends, employee, vehicle leasee, etc. Also excludes taking 
machinery which is not a motor vehicle for UCR purposes, e.g. 
boats, airplanes, farm/construction/roadbui lding equipment, 
etc. (see larceny and definition of a motor vehicle in UCR 
Handbook ) . 



14 



8. ARSON 



Any willful and/or malicious burning or attempt to burn 
a house, building, fence, vehicle, boat, aircraft, 
personal property, goods, lumber, timber, trees, crops, 
field, etc. 

Includes only fires, burnings and attempts which have 
been determined through qualified investigation to have 
been willfully and/or maliciously started by a person(s). 

Excludes fires, burnings and/or attempts which are of a 
suspicious nature, but as yet unknown or undetermined 
ori gi n . 

THE PART II OFFENSES ARE AS FOLLOWS: 
9. OTHER ASSAULTS-SIMPLE 

Assaults or attempts which do not involve the use of a 
potentially harmful weapon and/or in which the victim 
does not sustain a serious injury. 

10. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING 

In this class are placed all offenses dealing with 
the making, altering, uttering or possessing, with 
intent to defraud, anything false in the semblance 
of that which is true. 

Includes making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting 
bills, notes, drafts, tickets, checks, credit cards, 
coins, etc. Possessing or uttering forged or counter- 
feited instruments. Signing the name of another or 
fictitious person with intent to defraud. Using forged 
labels. Selling goods with altered, forged or counter- 
feited trade-marks, etc. All attempts to commit the above. 



11. FRAUD 

Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or property 
by false pretenses. Includes bad checks, confidence 
games, etc., except forgeries and counterfeiting. 

12. EMBEZZLEMENT 

Misappropriation or misapplication of money or property 
entrusted to ones care, custody, or control. 



15 



13. STOLEN PROPERTY - BUYING, RECEIVING, POSSESSING 



Include in this class all offenses of buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property, as well as all attempts 
to commit any of these offenses. 

14. VANDALISM 

Vandalism consists of the willful or malicious destruction, 
injury, disfigurement, or defacement of any public or 
private property, real or personal, without consent of the 
owner or person having custody or control, by cutting, 
tearing, breaking, marking, painting, drawing, covering 
with filth, or any other such means as may be specified 
by local law. This offense covers a wide range of mali- 
cious behavior directed at property, such as; cutting auto 
tires, drawing obscene pictures on public restroom walls, 
smashing windows, destroying school records, tipping over 
gravestones, defacing library books, etc. Count all arrests 
for the above, including attempts. 

15. WEAPONS - CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC, ' 

This class deals with weapon offenses, regulatory in 
nature, such as: 

Manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons. 

Carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly. 

Using, manufacturing, etc., silencers. 

Furnishing deadly weapons to minors. 

Aliens possessing deadly weapons. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

16. PROSTITUTION AND COMMERCIALIZED VICE 

Include in this class the sex offenses of a commercialized 
nature , such as : 

Prosti tuti on . 

Keeping bawdy house, disorderly house, or house of ill 
fame. 

Pandering, procuring, transporting, or detaining women 
for immoral purposes, etc. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



16 



17. SEX OFFENSES 

Except forcible rape, prostitution and commercialized 
vice. 

Include offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, 
and the like, such as: 

Adultery and fornication 

Incest 

Indecent exposure, indecent liberties, etc. 

Intercourse with an insane, epileptic, or venerally 
diseased person. 

Sodomy, buggery or crime against nature. 
Statutory rape (no force) and seduction, etc. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 



18. DRUG ABUSE LAWS 

Drug abuse law arrests are requested on the basis of 
the narcotics used. Make the following subdivisions 
of drug abuse law arrests: 

Include all arrests for violations of state and local 
laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful 
possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing and 
making of narcotic drugs: 

a) Opium or cocaine and their derivatives 
(morphine, heroine, codeine). 

b) Marijuana 

c) Synthetic narcoti cs--manuf actured narcotics 
which can cause true drug addiction (demerol, 
methadones ) . 

d) Dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, 
benzedri ne) . 



19. GAMBLING 

All charges which relate to promoting, permitting, or 
engaging in gambling are included in this category. 
To provide a more refined collection of gambling 



17 



arrests, the following breakdown of gambling arrests 
should be furnished: 

a) Bookmaking (horse and sport book). 

b) Numbers and lottery. 

c) All other. 

20. OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY AND CHILDREN 

Include here all charges of nonsupport and neglect or 
abuse of family and children, such as: 

Desertion, abandonment, nonsupport of wife or child 
or nonpayment of alimony. 

Neglect or abuse of child. (If injury is serious, 
score as aggravated assault). 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

21. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE 

This class is limited to the driving or operating of any 
vehicle or common carrier while drunk or under the 
influence of liquor or narcotics. Include: 

Operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated. 

Operating an engine, train, streetcar, boat, etc., while 
intoxicated. 

22. LIQUOR LAWS 

With the exception of "drunkenness" (Offense #23), and "driving 
under the influence" (Offense #21), liquor law violations, 
state or local are placed in this class. Include: 

Manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possessing, 
etc., intoxicating liquor. 

Maintaining unlawful drinking places. 

Advertising and soliciting orders for intoxicating liquor. 
Furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person. 
Using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor. 
Drinking on train or public conveyance. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 



18 



23. DRUNKENNESS 

Not reported in Maryland. 

24. DISORDERLY CONDUCT 

In this class are placed all charges of committing a breach 
of the public peace, safety or order, etc., such as: 

Disturbing the peace and disorderly conduct, etc. 

Disturbing meetings, religious services, hearings, etc. 

Disorderly conduct on buses, trains, planes, public 
conveyances, etc. 

Unlawful assembly, inciting to riot, riot, rout, etc. 
Profanity, obscene language, blasphemy, etc. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 

25. VAGRANCY 

Include: 

a) Vagrancy 

b) Begging 

c) Loitering (persons 18 and over) 

26. ALL OTHER OFFENSES 

Include in this class every other state or local offense 
(except traffic violations) not included in offenses 
1 to 25, such as: 

Admitting minors to improper place. 
Abducti on . 

Blackmail and extortion 
Bri bery 

Contempt of court. 



19 



Di scrimi nation 
Kidnappi ng 

Marriage within prohibited degree. 

Offenses contributing to juvenile delinquency (except as 
provided for in offenses 1 to 28 inclusive), such as 
employment of children in immoral vocations or practices, 
admitting minors to improper place, etc. 

Perjury and subornation of perjury. 

Possession, repair, manufacture, etc., of burglar's 
tool s . 

Possession or sale of obscene literature, pictures, etc. 

Public nuisances. 

Trespass 

Unlawfully bringing weapons into prisons or hospitals. 

Unlawfully bringing drugs or liquor into state prisons, 
hospitals, etc.; furnishing to convicts. 

Unlawful di si nternment of the dead and violation of 
sepul ture . 

Unlawful use, possession, etc., of explosives. 

Violation of state regulatory laws and municipal 
ordinances (this does not include those offenses or 
regulations which belong in the above classes). 

Violation of quarantine. 

All offenses not otherwise classified. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



SUSPICION 

While "suspicion" is not an offense, it is the grounds 
for many arrests in those jurisdictions where the law 
permits. After examination by law enforcement officers, 
the prisoner is either formally charged or released. 
Those formally charged are entered in one of the Part I 
or II offense classes. This class is limited to "suspici 
arrests where persons arrested are released by the police 



20 



28. CURFEW AND LOITERING LAWS - JUVENILES 



Count all arrests made by your department for violation 
of local curfew or loitering ordinances where such laws 
exi st . 



29. RUN-AWAY - JUVENILES 

For the purpose of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 
report in this category apprehensions for protective 
custody as defined by your local statute. Count arrests 
made by other jurisdictions of run-aways from your 
jurisdiction. Do not include protective custody actions 
with respect to run-aways taken for other jurisdictions. 



21 



CRIME FACTORS 



Statistics compiled under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
from data submitted by the law enforcement agencies of Maryland projects 
a statewide view of crime. Awareness of the presence of certain crime 
factors which may influence the resulting volume and type of statistics 
presented is necessary if fair and equitable conclusions are to be drawn. 
These crime influencing factors are present to some degree in every 
community, and their presence affects in varying degrees the crime 
experience of that community. Attempts at comparison of crime figures 
between communities should not be made without first considering the 
individual factors present in each community. 

Crime, as an outgrowth of society, remains a social problem of 
grave concern, and the police are limited in their role to its suppression 
and detection. As stated by the President's Commission on Law Enforcement 
and Administration of Criminal Justice in their report "The Challange of 
Crime in a Free Society" (1967 - Page 92): 

"But the fact that the police deal daily with crime 
does not mean that they have unlimited power to 
prevent it, or reduce it, or deter it. The police 
did not create and cannot resolve the social condi- 
tions that stimulate crime. They did not start and 
cannot stop the convulsive social changes that are 
taking place in America. They do not enact the laws 
that they are required to enforce, nor do they dis- 
pose of the criminals they arrest. The police are 
only one part of the criminal justice system; the 
criminal justice system is only one part of the 
government; and the government is only one part of 
society. Insofar as crime is a social phenomenon, 
crime prevention is the responsibility of every part 
of society. The criminal process is limited to case 
by case operations, one criminal or one crime at a 
time". 

Set forth below are some of the conditions which affect the type 
and volume of crime that occurs from place to place: 

Density and size of the community population and the 
metropolitan area of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with particular reference 
to age, sex and race. 

Economic status of the population. 

Relative stability of the population including number 
and ratio of seasonal visitors/residents, commuters 
and other transients. 



23 



Climate and seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the 
local law enforcement agency, including the degree of 
adherence to crime reporting standards. 

Organization and cooperation of adjoining and overlapping 
pol ice juri sdicti ons . 



24 



CRIME INDEX 



The tabulations presented in the tables, graphs, and charts 
in this publication indicate the volume and distribution of crime in 
Maryland on the basis of a Crime Index. The crime figures are broken 
down by agency, county, regional, and state totals. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is unknown, but 
those that are reported to law enforcement provide the first means of 
a count. Not all crimes are of sufficient importance to be significant 
in an index; and not all important crimes occur with enough regularity 
to be meaningful in an index. With these considerations in mind, the 
following crimes were selected to comprise the Crime Index as they are 
significant either by nature or frequency of occurrence: 

1. Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter 

2. Forcible Rape 

3. Robbery 

4. Aggravated Assault 

5. Breaking or Entering 

6. Larceny-Theft 

7. Motor Vehicle Theft 

8. Arson* 



CALCULATION OF RATES AND TRENDS 

The Uniform Crime Reporting 
executives to measure local problems, 
is sometimes necessary to convert the 
trends. The following guidelines are 
methods involved in making these calc 



Program provides data for police 
To facilitate this function, it 
data into rates, percentages or 
presented to demonstrate the 
lations and conversions. 



CRIME RATES 

One of the most meaningful crime statistics is the Crime Rate. 
This rate is the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. This rate 
can be calculated regardless of the number of inhabitants in your city 
or county. To compute rates, divide your city's population by 100,000 
and divide the number of offenses in each class by that answer. The 
answer is the number of offenses in each class per 100,000 and is your 
Crime Rate for that offense. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Population for your jurisdiction 75,000 

b) Number of burglaries for your 

jurisdiction for a year 215 



*Arson statistics are not included in the Crime Index in this report. 



25 



Divide: 75,000 by 100,000 = .75 

Divide: 215 by .75 = 286.7 

Your burglary rate: 286.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 

The number of .75 can now be divided into your totals in 
any offense class to produce a Crime Rate for that offense. 

This same computation can be used to give you arrest rates 
per 100,000 inhabitants. 

CLEARANCE RATES 

The percentage of crimes cleared by arrest is obtained by 
dividing the number of offenses cleared by the number of actual offenses. 
This answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Number of clearances in robbery 38 

b) Number of actual robberies 72 
Divide: 38 by 72 = .528 
Multiply: .528 x 100 = 52.8 

Your percentage of clearance in robbery is 52.8%. 

PERCENTAGE OF CHANGE 

The method most commonly used to compare crime statistics for 
the current year with any prior year is the Percent of Change. This 
percent is calculated by subtracting the prior year's data from the current 
year's data and dividing the resulting figure by the prior year's data. The 
answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Current year's murders 399 

b) Prior year's murders 350 
Subtract: 350 from 399 = 49 

Divide: 49 by 350 = .140 
Multiply: .140 X 100 - 14.0 
Your Percent of Change in murder is 14.0% increase. 



26 



MARYLAND 
OFFENSE DATA 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 



The crime counts set forth in this publication are actual 
offenses established by police investigation. When police receive 
a complaint of a crime and the follow-up investigation discloses no 
crime occurred, it is "unfounded". 

In 1989, police investigations "unfounded" 4 percent of the 
complaints concerning Index Offenses, ranging from 1 percent in the 
Aggravated Assault category to 19 percent in the Rape category as 
compared to 1988, when there was 1 percent "unfounded" in the Aggravated 
Assault category and 16 percent in the Rape category. 

A total of 260,903 actual Index Offenses were reported to 
law enforcement agencies in Maryland during the Calendar Year 1989. 
This represents a decrease of 1.5 percent when compared to the 1988 
data which was comprised of a total of 264,764 Crime Index Offenses. 

An analysis of Index Offenses by month in 1989 shows that 
May had the highest frequency of occurrence and February had the 
lowest. In 1988, August had the highest frequency of occurrency and 
February had the lowest. 

The Crime Index Offenses represent the most common problem 
to law enforcement. They are serious crimes by their nature, volume, 
or frequency of occurrence. They are categorized as Violent Crime, 
which includes Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery and Aggravated Assault, 
or as Property Crimes which includes Breaking or Entering, Larceny, 
and Motor Vehicle Theft. 



VIOLENT CRIME 

Violent Crimes involve the element of personal confrontation 
between the perpetrator and the victim. Because of their very nature 
Violent Crimes are considered more serious than Property Crimes. These 
offenses accounted for 15 percent of the total Crime Index for 1989. 
In 1988, Violent Crimes accounted for 14 percent of the total Crime Index. 

Analyzing the Violent Crimes by month reveals September had 
the greatest frequency of occurrence, while February had the lowest. In 
1988, August had the highest frequency of occurrence and February had 
the lowest. 



29 



PROPERTY CRIME 



The number of Property Crimes reported during 1989, was more 
than 5 times greater than the number of Violent Crimes reported. As 
a group, Property Crimes made up 85 percent of the total Crime Index. 
In 1988, Property Crimes made up 86 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis showed August had the highest frequency of 
occurrence and February had the lowest in both 1989 and 1988. 



RATES 

Crime Rates relate the incidence of crime to the resident 
population. Many other factors which may contribute to the volume 
and type of crime in a given jurisdiction are not incorporated here, 
but are shown in the section entitled "Crime Factors". 

In 1989, the Crime Rate for Maryland was 5,558.2 victims for 
every 100,000 population. This represents a 2.5 percent decrease in 
the Crime Rate when compared to 1988, with 5,701.2 victims per 100,000 
popul ati on . 

The 1989, Crime Rate for the Violent Crime group was 854.6 
victims per 100,000 inhabitants, a 6 percent increase compared with 
the 1988 rate of 806.5. The Property Crime group had a rate of 
4,703.7 per 100,000 inhabitants, a 4 percent decrease when compared 
to the 1988 rate of 4,894.7. 



CLEARANCES 

For Uniform Crime Reporting purposes, a crime is cleared when 
police have identified the offender, have evidence to charge him and 
actually take him into custody. Solutions of crimes are also recorded 
in exceptional instances where some element beyond police control 
precludes formal charges against the offender, such as the victim's 
refusal to prosecute or local prosecution is declined because the 
subject is being prosecuted elsewhere for a crime committed in another 
jurisdiction. The arrest of one person can clear several crimes or 
several persons may be arrested in the process of solving one crime. 

Maryland law enforcement agencies cleared 23 percent of all 
Index Offenses reported to them in 1989 and 1988. 

The Violent Crimes recorded 49 percent clearance rate in 1989, 
as compared to 1988, with a 51 percent clearance rate. The Property Crime 
group experienced a 19 percent clearance rate in 1989, compared to 18 
percent in 1988. 

Considered individually the 1989 Violent Crime clearance rate 
was determined to be 71 percent of the Murders, 59 percent of the Rapes, 
25 percent of the Robberies and 64 percent of the Aggravated Assaults. 
The Property Crime clearance rates were 18 percent for Breaking or 
Entering, 20 percent for Larceny and 17 percent for Motor Vehicle Theft. 



30 



The relatively high clearance rate for Violent Crimes as compared 
to Non-Violent Property Crimes is in part attributable to the volume 
difference between the two. Property Crime volume is much greater than 
that of Violent Crime and police investigation of Violent Crime is usually 
more intense. While the element of direct contact between the victim and 
perpetrator, as well as witness identification also contributes to this 
higher rate of solution for Violent Crime, stealth is involved to a greater 
degree in the Property Crimes. 



JUVENILE CLEARANCES 

A Juvenile clearance is the clearance of an offense in which all 
of the offenders involved were under the age of 18. If even one of the 
offenders was over 17 years of age, the clearance of that offense is not 
considered a Juvenile clearance. 

In 1989, such Juvenile clearances represented 18 percent of all 
clearances. Juvenile clearances were 19 percent of the total cases cleared 
in 1988. 

Juvenile clearances in the Violent Crime category represented 11 
percent of the total cleared in 1989 with 5 percent of all clearances in 
Homicide cases, 12 percent of those in Rape cases, 10 percent in Robbery 
cases and 12 percent in Aggravated Assault cases. 

In 1988, Juvenile clearances were also 11 percent of all clearances 
in the Violent Crime category. 

In the Property Crime category, clearances involving juvenile 
offenders only represented 21 percent of the total cases cleared in 1989, 
with 17 percent of all clearances in Burglary cases, 20 percent of those 
in Larceny cases and 33 percent in Motor Vehicle Theft cases. Juvenile 
clearances were 22 percent of all clearances in the Property Crime category 
in 1988. 



STOLEN PROPERTY VALUE 

The total value of Property Stolen during 1989 was $313,747,228 
which represents a 2 percent decrease from 1988. Recovered Property 
amounted to $155,668,406 which is 50 percent of the total stolen, resulting 
in a $158,078,822 property loss to victims in the State of Maryland during 
1989. This property loss represents a 5 percent decrease when compared to 
the property loss in 1988. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 



AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Stolen 268 


314 


320 


287 


226 


192 


Recovered 124 


156 


154 


125 


101 


82 



Val ue in Mi 1 1 i ons 



31 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



NUMBER 
OF 

OFFENSES 



31000-- 



29000- - 



27000- - 



25000- - 



23000- - 



21000- 



1900C 



17000-- 



15000- 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




T 1 1 1 h 



H 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



32 



VIOLENT CRIME 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



4500- 



4300- - 



41 00-- 



3900- - 



2500- 



VIOLENT CRIME 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 









— I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 — 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



33 



PROPERTY CRIME 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



24000- 



23000- - 



22000- - 



21000- - 



20000- - 



NUMBER ig 00-_ 
OF 



OFFENSES 



18000-- 



17000-- 



16000-- 



15000-- 



14000-- 



13000 



PROPERTY CRIME 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



34 



STOLEN PROPERTY 

ANALYSIS OF VALUE STOLEN AND RECOVERED 



TYPE OF PROPERTY 


VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
STOLEN 


VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
RECOVERED 


PERCENT OF 

VALUE 
RECOVERED 


Lurrtriicy, notes, LLC. 


<r i c iqc nc/i 
3> ID, 1 y D , Ub4 


t om oc.c 
j> yuo,<ibo 


O/o 


Jewelry and Precious 

Pieta 1 s 


24,603,462 


1 ,187,199 


5% 


LiOLning ana rurs 


c TOO C fi 9 


QIC TQl 

oob , jy 1 


1 ID/ 

1 O/o 


Local iy oLOien riotor 
Vehicl es 


l on Aid con 
1 yU , 4 Jy , boU 


i/i/i enc ooo 

i 44 , byb , zyy 


~l CI 


Office Equipment 


5,491 ,572 


354,708 


6% 


Televisions, Radios 
Cameras, Etc. 


20,320,756 


968,723 


5% 


Fi rearms 


1 ,569,267 


189,208 


12% 


Household Goods 


4,360,575 


287,353 


7% 


Consumable Goods 


1 ,583,750 


169,414 


11% 


Li vestock 


29,074 


2,986 


10% 


Mi seel 1 aneous 


42,771 ,437 


6,073,870 


14% 


TOTAL 


313,747,229 


155,668,406 


50% 



35 



MURDER 



MURDER 



Murder is defined as the willful (nonnegl igent) killing of one 
human being by another. As a general rule, any death due to a fight, 
argument, quarrel, assault, a commission of a crime is counted as a 
Murder. This offense is scored on the basis of police investigation 
without regard to the findings of a court or jury or the decision of a 
prosecutor. Assaults to Murder and Attempted Murders are counted as 
Aggravated Assaults. Suicide, accidental deaths and justifiable 
homicides are also excluded. 



VOLUME 

In 1989, a total of 540 Murders were reported to law enforcement 
agencies in Maryland. This compares to *452 Murders in 1988 and represents 
an increase of 19 percent. Murder accounted for 1 percent of the total 
Violent Crime Category and .2 percent of the total Crime Index. 



RATE 

In 1989, there were 11.5 victims of Murder for every 100,000 
residents in Maryland. This was a 19 percent increase over 1988, when 
the rate was 9.7 victims per 100,000 population. 



NATURE 

In 1989, firearms predominated as the weapon most often used in 
the commission of Murder in Maryland, representing 62 percent of the 
total. This compares to 63 percent of the total during 1988. 52 percent 
of the total Murders were committed with handguns, while 17 percent were 
committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 6 percent with a shotgun, 

8 percent with personal weapons and 13 percent with other dangerous 
weapons. In 1988, 54 percent of the total Murders were committed with a 
handgun, 19 percent were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 

7 percent with a shotgun, 5 percent with personal weapons and 16 percent 
with other dangerous weapons. 

Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 11 percent of the 
total Murders, narcotic related Murders represented 30 percent. In 34 
percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not determined at the time 
of the reports. In 1988, Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 

9 percent of the total Murders, while narcotic related Murders represented 
26 percent. In 44 percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not deter- 
mined at the time of the report. 



*Total Murders reported during 1988, were adjusted from 450 (Crime in 
Maryland 1988) to 452. All references, percentages, comparisons, 
averages, etc., shown in this book nave been adjusted accordingly. 



38 



The largest number of Murders (107) occurred in the 20-24 age 
group, which represented 20 percent of the total. In 1988, the largest 
number of Murders (87) occurred in the 25-29 age group, which represented 
19 percent of the total. 



CLEARANCES 

In 1989, 71 percent of all Murders were cleared with 5 percent 
of the total solved involving only juveniles. This compares to 1988 with 
a 71 percent clearance rate and 8 percent of the total cleared involving 
only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

A total of 471 persons were arrested in Maryland for Murder during 
1989. In 1988, 393 persons were arrested for Murder. 

Of this total, 89 percent were males and 11 percent females. 80 
percent of the total were black while 20 percent were white. 89 percent 
were adults and 11 percent were juveniles. 



39 



MURDER 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



70- 



65-- 



30-- 



25-- 



20-- 



10-- 



0- 



MURDER 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 h 



■\ 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



40 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 



5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


198! 


RAPE 


3 


7 


2 


2 


1 


1 


ROBBERY 


51 


57 


39 


57 


53 


48 


BURGLARY 


2 


4 


1 


2 


3 


1 


ARSON 


4 


4 


7 


6 


1 


1 


LARCENY 








1 








1 


PROSTITUTION 


1 





1 


2 








OTHER SEX OFFENSES 


1 





1 





1 


3 


NARCOTIC DRUG LAWS 


93 


161 


117 


80 


65 


44 


LOVER'S TRIANGLE 


11 


9 


10 


16 


16 


5 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 
OF ALCOHOL 


8 


9 


7 


14 


7 


5 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 
OF DRUGS 


1 


3 


2 


1 


1 





CHILD KILLED BY BABYSITTER 


2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


3 


INSTITUTIONAL KILLINGS 


1 


1 








1 


1 


ARGUMENTS 


32 


42 


32 


33 


26 


28 


OTHER 


33 


59 


34 


20 


•34 


16 


UNKNOWN 


194 


181 


197 


210 


188 


193 



TOTAL 437 540 452 445 399 350 



41 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF WEAPON 





PERCENT 
DISTRIB. 


5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


HANDGUN 


52.2% 


223 


282 


241 


214 


204 


177 


BLUNT OBJECT 


7.0% 


26 


38 


24 


28 


24 


15 


RIFLE 


3.7% 


14 


20 


12 


13 


10 


13 


SHOTGUN 


6.3% 


25 


34 


30 


23 


21 


16 


KNIFE 


17.1% 


86 


92 


84 


97 


83 


77 


PERSONAL 


7.8% 


28 


42 


22 


28 


21 


27 


ALL OTHERS 


5.9% 


35 


32 


39 


42 


36 


25 


TOTAL 


100.0% 


437 


540 


452 


445 


399 


350 



42 



RAPE 




RAPE 



Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and 
against her will. In Uniform Crime Reporting, Rape is divided 
into two categories: (1) Rape by Force, (2) Attempt to commit 
Forcible Rape. Statutory Rape or the carnal knowledge of a 
female with no force used and where the victim is under the legal 
age of consent, as well as other sex offenses, are not included 
in this category. 



VOLUME 

During 1989, 1,783 Forcible Rapes were reported to Maryland 
law enforcement agencies. This compares to 1,721 Rapes during 1988 
and results in a 4 percent increase. 

Rape accounted for 4 percent of the Violent Crimes and .7 
percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of June showed the highest frequency of Rapes, while 
January showed the lowest. In 1988, August had the highest frequency 
and January showed the lowest. 

5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


FORCE 


1 ,429 


1 ,435 


1 ,368 


1 ,485 


1 ,538 


1 ,320 


ATTEMPT 


382 


348 


353 


409 


409 


391 


TOTAL 


1 ,811 


1 ,783 


1 ,721 


1 ,894 


1 ,947 


1 ,711 



RATE 



A Crime Rate, in its proper perspective, is a victim risk rate 
since it equates the number of crimes per unit of population. In 1989, 
76.0 out of every 100,000 females in Maryland were reported Rape Victims, 
as compared to 1988, when 74.1 per 100,000 female population were reported 
victims. This results in a 3 percent increase in the rate of Forcible Rapes. 



NATURE 

During 1989, 80 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by Force 
while 20 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible Rape. In 
1988, 79 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by Force while 21 percent 
were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible Rape. 



44 



CLEARANCES 



In Calendar Year 1989, 59 percent of the total number of Rapes 
were cleared with 12 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 
In 1988, 58 percent of the total Rapes were cleared and 14 percent of the 
total cleared involved only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1989, there were 869 persons arrested for Rape in Maryland. 
In 1988, 836 persons were arrested for Rape. 

81 percent of the total number were 18 years of age or older, 
while the remaining 19 percent were juveniles. 67 percent of the total 
were black and 33 percent white. 



45 



RAPE 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



NUMBER 



OF 



OFFENSES 



22a 



210- - 



200- - 



190-- 



180- - 



170- - 



160-- 



150-- 



140-- 



130-- 



1204- 



1 10- - 



100- - 



90 



RAPE 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



M O N T h S 



46 



ROBBERY 



ROBBERY 



Robbery is defined as the taking, or attempting to take 
anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or 
persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or putting the 
victim in fear. The element of personal confrontation is always 
present in this crime. Under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 
all attempts to commit Robbery are included. Robberies are reported 
in four general categories -- firearms; knife or cutting instrument; 
other dangerous weapons; and hands, fists, feet, etc. As a general 
rule, Robbery differs from larceny in that it is aggravated by the 
element of force or threat of force. 

Robbery, as a crime of Violence, has a serious impact on 
the victim. In many instances serious injury results. Many times, 
with or without physical injury, the victim suffers mental anguish. 
Such damage is immeasurable. 



VOLUME 

During 1989, there were 15,584 actual Robbery offenses 
reported to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In 1988, there were 
13,991 robberies, which results in an increase of 11 percent. 

Robbery accounted for 39 percent of the Violent Crime 
category and 7 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly comparison reveals that December had the highest 
frequency of Robberies while April had the lowest frequency. In 1988, 
December had the highest frequency and April had the lowest. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Fi rearm 


5,804 


6,777 


5,734 


5,357 


5,696 


5,457 


Knife 


1 ,185 


1 ,304 


1 ,281 


1 ,152 


1 ,091 


1 ,100 


Strong Arm 


5,929 


6,373 


5,931 


5,876 


5,752 


5,714 


Other 


1 ,038 


1 ,130 


1 ,045 


978 


1 ,031 


1 ,005 


Total 


13,956 


15,584 


13,991 


13,363 


13,570 


13,276 



48 



RATE 



In 1989, Robbery Rate was 332.0 per 100,000 inhabitants. This 
compares to a rate of 301.3 per 100,000 population in 1988 and results in 
a 10 percent increase in the Robbery Rate. 

NATURE 

During 1989, 58 percent of the Robberies were committed on the 
street, while only 1 percent were Bank Robberies. In 1988, 61 percent of 
the Robberies were committed on the street while 1 percent were Bank 
Robberies. 

Bank Robberies accounted for the highest average value loss, 
$3,755 in 1989. The average value loss for total Robberies were $702. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 59 percent of the Robbery 
offenses while 41 percent were muggings or strong-arm Robberies. This 
compares to 1988, when 58 percent involved Armed Robberies and 42 percent 
were strong-arm. 

An analysis of Armed Robbery by type of weapon indicates that the 
use of firearms was predominate, accounting for 74 percent of all Armed 
Robberies. Knives or cutting instruments made up 14 percent while other 
dangerous weapons accounted for 12 percent of all Armed Robberies. In 
1988, 71 percent of the total Armed Robberies were committed with firearms, 
16 percent with knives or cutting instruments and 13 percent with other 
dangerous weapons. 



CLEARANCES 

In 1989, 25 percent of the total number of Robberies were cleared 
with 10 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. In 1988, 25 
percent of the Robberies were cleared and 12 percent involved only juveniles. 

24 percent of the Armed Robberies were cleared with 6 percent of 
the total solved involving only juveniles. 28 percent of the strong-arm 
Robberies were cleared and 15 percent involved only juveniles. 

PERSONS ARRESTED 

3,709 persons were arrested for Robbery in Maryland during 1989. 
In 1988, 3,518 persons were arrested for Robbery. 

79 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Robbery were 
adults, while the remaining 21 percent were juveniles. 

82 percent of the total persons arrested were black and 18 percent 
were white. 94 percent were males and 6 percent females. 



49 



ROBBERY 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



1800- 



1700- - 



1 100-- 



1000-- 



900- - 



80O 



ROBBERY 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



50 



ROBBERY 

DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 


NIIMRFR 
n ui id l. r\ 

OF 

OFFENSES 


PFRfFIMT 

1 L. I\ L« L. 1 1 1 

OF 
DISTRIB 


TOTAI 
VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


AVFRAGF 

VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


n i unWM I 


9 07? 






$ 494 


LUrlrlC. KL 1 ML nuu JL 


C , Dl 1 


ID .O/o 


? fil4 ^78 


99ft 


SERVICE STATION 


364 


2.3% 


236,258 


649 


CONVENIENCE STORE 


606 


3.9% 


148,915 


246 


RESIDENCE 


1 ,792 


11.5% 


1 .970.880 


1 , 100 


BANK 


181 


1 .2% 


679,726 


3,755 


MISCELLANEOUS 


948 


6.1% 


810,723 


855 


TOTAL 


15,584 


100.0% 


$10,945,913 


$ 702 



51 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for 
the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type 
of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely 
to produce death or serious bodily harm. Attempts are included since it 
is not necessary that any injury result when a gun, knife, or other weapon 
is used which would result in serious personal injury if the crime were 
successfully completed. Also included in this category are all attempted 
Murders . 

Any assault in which hands, fists and feet are used with no serious 
injury to the victim results, is classified as a simple assault which falls 
into the Part II category, and is not included as a Crime Index Offense. 



VOLUME 

During 1989, a total of 22,206 Aggravated Assaults were reported 
to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there were 21,290 
Aggravated Assaults in 1988, resulting in a 4 percent increase. 

Aggravated Assault made up 55 percent of the Violent Crime category 
and 9 percent of the total Crime Index. Aggravated Spousal Assaults accounted 
for 12.9 percent of the total Aggravated Assaults reported during 1989 and 13.3 
percent in 1988. 

The month of July had the highest frequency of Aggravated Assaults 
occurring, while February had the lowest. 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Firearm 


4,855 


4,876 


5,109 


4,566 


4,835 


4,888 


Knife 


4,513 


4,492 


4,598 


4,335 


4,583 


4,555 


Other 


7,942 


8,605 


8,076 


7,453 


7,860 


7,717 


Hands, etc. 


3,839 


4,233 


3,507 


3,243 


3,948 


4,265 


Total 


21 ,149 


22,206 


21 ,290 


19,597 


21 ,226 


21 ,425 



54 



RATE 



For each 100,000 persons in Maryland during 1989, there were 
473.1 victims of Aggravated Assault. During 1988, there were 440.3 ' 
Aggravated Assault victims per 100,000 population. A comparison of 
the two years results in a 7 percent increase. 



NATURE 

In 1989, 22 percent of the Aggravated Assaults were committed 
with the use of a firearm. A knife or cutting instrument was used in 
20 percent of Assaults and 39 percent were committed with other dangerous 
weapons. The remaining 19 percent were committed with personal weapons, 
such as hands, fists, feet, etc. These figures compared to 1988, are 24 
percent of Aggravated Assaults committed with a firearm, 22 percent with 
a knife or cutting instrument, 38 percent with other dangerous weapons, 
and 16 percent with personal weapons. 

CLEARANCES 

64 percent of the total number of Aggravated Assaults were cleared 
with 7 percent of the total clearances involving only juveniles. As 
compared to 1988, 67 percent of the total were cleared, and of those cleared, 
10 percent involved only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 6,831 arrests for Aggravated Assault in Maryland during 
1989. In 1988, 6,965 persons were arrested. 

81 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Aggravated 
Assault were adults, while 19 percent were juveniles. 53 percent of the 
total were black and 46 percent white. 84 percent of the total were males, 
while 16 percent were females. 



55 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2400- 



2300- - 
2200- - 
2100- - 
2000- - 
1900- - 

NUMBER 

OF 1800- - 

OFFENSES 

1700-- 
1600- 
1500-. 
1400-- 
1300-- 



1200 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 1989 

5 YR. AVERAGE 




-I 1 h 



+ 



H 1 h 



H h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



56 



BREAKING 
OR ENTERING 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 



Breaking or Entering is defined as the unlawful entry of a 
structure to commit a felony or a theft. 

Data collection of this offense is further categorized as 
forcible entries, unlawful entries where no force is used and attempted 
forcible entries. 

As with other property crimes, the motive of personal gain 
coupled with the element of opportunity results in the commission of 
this offense by both the amateur and the professional perpetrator. 
The absence of confrontation with and use of force against the person 
of the victim separates this crime from Robbery of the Violent Crime 
group . 

The volume of this offense presents the police with a serious 
enforcement problem made more difficult in many areas by the lack of 
sufficient personnel to act as a deterrent and to provide successful 
solutions to these crimes. 



VOLUME 



In 1989, a total of 52,698 Breaking or Enterings were reported 
to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there were 54,696 
Breaking or Enterings in 1988 resulting in a 4 percent decrease. 

Breaking or Enterings made up 24 percent of the Property Crime 
category and 20 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis reveals that August had the highest frequency 
of occurrence while April had the lowest frequency. 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Forci bl e 


39,196 


38,434 


40,013 


38,178 


40,572 


38,785 


No Force 


8,767 


8,702 


8,736 


9,075 


8,943 


8,381 


Attempt 


5,913 


5,562 


5,947 


5,973 


6,081 


6,002 


Total 


53,876 


52,698 


54,696 


53,226 


55,596 


53,168 



58 



RATE 



The Breaking or Entering rate was 1,122.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 

of Maryland during 1989. In 1988, there were 1,177.8 Breaking or Entering 

Offenses per 100,000 population. In comparison, this results in a 5 percent 
decrease in the Breaking or Entering Rate. 



NATURE 

In both 1989 and 1988, 73 percent of the Breaking or Enterings 
involved forcible entry, 16 percent were unlawful entries without force 
and 11 percent were recorded as attempted forcible entries. 

66 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed of a residential 
structure while 34 percent were committed of a nonresidential structure in both 
1989 and 1988. 

The average dollar value loss for Breaking or Entering was $1,039. This 
compares to 1988 with $950 and results in a 9 percent increase. 



CLEARANCES 

In 1989, law enforcement agencies in Maryland were successful in clearing 
18 percent of the total Breaking or Entering Offenses of which 16 percent involved 
only juveniles. During 1988, police cleared 17 percent of the total Breaking or 
Enterings with 20 percent of that number involving only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1989, there were 10,882 persons arrested in Maryland for Breaking or 
Entering. In 1988, 10,454 persons were arrested for Breaking or Entering. 

74 Percent of the total number of persons arrested for Breaking or 
Entering were adults, while 26 percent were juveniles. 47 percent of the total 
were white, 52 percent were black. 92 percent of the total were males, while 
the remaining 8 percent were females. 



59 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



6000- 



NUMBER 



OF 



OFFENSES 



5800- - 
5600- - 
5400-- 
5200-- 
5000-- 
4800- - 
4600- - 
440( 
4200- - 
4000-- 
3800-- 
3600-- 
3400-- 
3200- - 
3000- - 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




\ j 



i 



H 1 V 



— I 1 1 1 1 1 1- 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



60 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 

DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 


NUMBER 
OF 

OFFENSES 


PERCENT 
OF 

DISTRIB. 


TOTAL 

IIP 

(DOLLARS) 


AVERAGE 

VMLUL 

(DOLLARS) 


RESIDENCE TOTAL 


34,662 


65 


.8% 


$35,917,023 


$1 ,036 


Night 


9,469 


18. 


.0% 


6,720,364 


710 


Day 


12,486 


23, 


.7% 


12,799,681 


1 ,025 


Unknown 


12,707 


24, 


,]% 


16 396 978 


1 290 


NONRESIDENCE TOTAL 


18,036 


34, 


.2% 


18,852,731 


1 ,045 


Night 


6,789 


12. 


.9% 


7,801 ,205 


1 ,149 


Day 


2,669 


5. 


.0% 


2,193,930 


822 


Unknown 


8,578 


16. 


.3% 


8,857,596 


1 ,033 


GRAND TOTAL 


52,698 


100. 


,0% 


$54,769,754 


$1 ,039 



61 



LARCENY 




LARCENY 



Larceny-Theft is defined as the unlawful taking, carrying, 
leading or riding away of property from the possession or constructive 
possession of another. It includes such crimes as pocket-picking, 
shoplifting, purse snatching, thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts 
and accessories, bicycle theft, etc. In the UCR Program, this category 
does not include embezzlement, fraud, forgery, and worthless checks. 
Motor Vehicle Theft, being a special problem, is a separate Crime Index 
Offense and is not reported in the Larceny-Theft category. 

Clearance of Larceny Offenses by police arrest are dramatically 
affected by the nature of the crime. As with other Property Crimes, 
opportunity and stealth working in favor of the perpetrator and against 
police detection reduce clearances for this offense. 

As with other Offenses Against Property, Larceny is primarily 
a crime of opportunity. Types of Larcenies will differ in volume 
depending upon the opportunity for theft offered in a given area. 

The average dollar loss in this category was $464 as compared 
to 1988 with an average loss of $436 resulting in a 6 percent increase. 
Only a small amount of goods stolen are recovered and returned to 
victims due to the low clearance rate and lack of specific identifica- 
tion characteristics on the property. In addition, many offenses in 
this category, particularly where the value of goods stolen is small, 
never come to police attention. 



VOLUME 

In 1989, there were 136,929 Offenses of Larceny-Theft reported 
as compared to 1988 with 141,416 Offenses resulting in a 3 percent 
decrease. Larceny-Theft made up 52 percent of the Crime Index Total and 
62 percent of the Property Crime Total. 

August had the highest frequency of Larceny Offenses in a 
monthly analysis while January had the lowest. 



RATE 

The Larceny Crime Rate was 2,917.1 per 100,000 inhabitants of 
Maryland during 1989. In 1988, there were 3,045.1 Larcenies per 100,000 
population resulting in a 4 percent decrease in the Larceny Rate. 



64 



NATURE 



Larcenies from Autos recorded the highest percentage during 
both 1989 and 1988 with 21 percent of the total Larcenies reported' 
in this category and Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with 
.6 percent of the total . 



CLEARANCES 

In 1989, law enforcement agencies cleared 20 percent of the 
total Larceny-Theft Offenses of which 20 percent of the total 
clearances involved only juveniles. In 1988, police cleared 19 
percent of the total Larceny Offenses with 21 percent of that number 
involving only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 27,971 persons arrested for Larceny in Maryland 
during 1989. In 1988, 26,960 persons were arrested for Larceny. 

27 percent of the total persons arrested for Larceny were 
under 18 years of age. Females comprised 27 percent of all arrests 
for Larceny and had a greater involvement in this offense than any 
other Crime Index Offenses. 

54 Percent of all persons arrested for Larceny were black, 
45 percent were white and 1 percent of other races. 



65 



LARCENY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



17000l 



16000-- 
15000-- 
14000- - 
130004- 

NUMBER 

OF 12000- 
OFFENSES 

110004- 

'i. 

10000-- 



9000- - 



8000- - 



7000 



LARCENY 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1" 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



66 



LARCENY 

5 YEAR TREND 



S YFAR 

llh;>5ii-ilmi iuin AVERAGE 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 



POCKET-PICKING 829 862 803 778 806 896 

PURSE SNATCHING 1,707 1,851 1,736 1,619 1,718 1,611 

SHOPLIFTING 18,022 19,842 19,212 18,102 17,171 15,783 

FROM AUTOS 26,854 29,192 29,809 28,460 24,867 21,944 
AUTO PARTS & 

ACCESSORIES 28,631 26,410 29,295 29,384 29,714 28,354 

BICYCLES 6,632 5,978 5,951 6,465 7,442 7,324 

FROM BUILDINGS 25,951 25,335 26,064 26,346 26,073 25,938 
COIN OPERATED 

MACHINES 1,913 1,454 2,057 2,079 1,816 2,161 

ALL OTHERS 24,324 26,025 26,489 23,631 23,292 22,182 

TOTAL 135,004 136,929 141,416 136,864 132,899 126,913 



67 



MOTOR VEHICLE 

THEFT 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



Motor Vehicle Theft is defined as the theft or attempted theft 
of a motor vehicle. This definition excludes taking a motor vehicle for 
temporary use, such as a family situation or unauthorized use by others 
having lawful access to the vehicle, such as chauffeurs, etc. 

The crime of Motor Vehicle Theft has been labeled primarily as 
a crime of opportunity. The youthful offender finds the motor vehicle 
easily accessible for transportation for any purpose. The remaining thefts 
are mainly for the purpose of resale, theft of parts and for use in committing 
other crimes. 



VOLUME 

In 1989, there were 31,163 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported to law 
enforcement agencies in the State of Maryland. This is a .1 percent 
decrease when compared to the 31,198 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported in 1988. 
Motor Vehicle Theft makes up 14 percent of the Property Offense category 
and 12 percent of the Index Offenses. 

A monthly analysis for 1989 indicates that more motor vehicles 
were stolen during October than other months and February showed the fewest 
being stolen. 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Auto 


21 ,273 


24,802 


25,267 


21 ,556 


19,272 


15,468 


Truck 


2,983 


4,320 


3,632 


2,702 


2,299 


1 ,962 


Other 


2,419 


2,041 


2,299 


2,161 


2,760 


2,835 


Total 


26,675 


31 ,163 


31 ,198 


26,419 


24,331 


20,265 



The 1989 Motor Vehicle Theft Rate of 663.9 per 100,000 inhabitants 
is 1 percent lower than the rate of 671.8 per 100,000 inhabitants for 1988. 



70 



NATURE 



Automobiles accounted for 80 percent of the total number of vehicles 
stolen during 1989. Trucks and buses made up 14 percent and other motor 
vehicles comprised 6 percent of the total. In comparison, automobiles 
accounted for 81 percent, trucks and buses 12 percent and otner motor vehicles 
7 percent in 1988. 

76 percent of the value of stolen vehicles was reported as recovered. 
This is a 1 percent increase when compared to 75 percent reported as recovered 
in 1988. 

5 YEAR TREND 
(Value in Millions) 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Stol en 


152 


190 


192 


163 


120 


94 


Recovered 


112 


145 


144 


110 


91 


71 



CLEARANCES 

In 1989, law enforcement agencies cleared 17 percent of the Motor 
Vehicle Thefts compared to 18 percent in 1988. 

33 percent of the total clearances for Motor Vehicle Theft involved 
only juvenile offenders during 1989 as compared to 35 percent in 1988. 

PERSONS ARRESTED 

7,128 persons were arrested in Maryland for Motor Vehicle Theft during 
1989. In 1988, 6,716 persons were arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft. 

Of the total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft, 48 percent were 
adults and 52 percent juveniles, 24 percent were white and 76 percent black, 
and 92 percent were males and 8 percent females. 



71 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



320G. 



NUMBER 



OF 



OFFENSES 



3100-- 



3000-- 



2900-- 



2800-- 



2700- - 



2600- - 



2500- \ 



2400- - 



2300- - 



220( 



2100-- 



2000- - 



190O 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 1989 
5 YR. AVERAGE 



'i.il 



'II 1 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



72 



ARSON 



Arson is defined as any willful or malicious burning or attempt 
to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public 
building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc. 
Only fires determined through qualified investigation to have been 
willfully or maliciously set are classified as Arsons. Fires of suspicious 
or unknow origin are excluded. 

According to UCR procedures in multiple offense situations, only 
one crime is reported on the basis of an established hierarchy. This is 
known as the Hierarchy Rule. Arson is an exception to this rule. Otherwise, 
if a Breaking or Entering and Arson occurred at the same time and place, 
only the Breaking or Entering would be reported. Therefore, when occurring 
in conjunction with another crime, an Arson is also reported in addition to 
the other crime. 



VOLUME 

In 1989, there were 2,581 Arsons reported. This is a 14 percent 
decrease when compared to the 3,007 Arsons reported in 1988. 

A monthly analysis indicates April had the highest frequency of 
occurrence, while June had the lowest. 



NATURE 

The most frequent type of property subject to Arson in 1989 were 
structures comprising 51 percent of the total reported incidents. Mobile 
(motor vehicles, trailers, airplanes, boats, etc.) and other property 
(crops, timber, fences, signs, etc.) accounted for the remaining offenses 
with 26 and 23 percent respectively. 

Residences comprised 58 percent of the structures at which Arsons 
were directed. 21 percent of all targeted structural property was uninhabited 
or abandoned at the time the Arson occurred. 

The estimated value of property damaged as a result of reported Arsons 
during 1989, was over 26 million dollars with an average loss per incident of 
$10,080. 



74 



CLEARANCE 



21 percent of all reported Arsons were cleared by arrest or 
exceptional means in 1989. In 1988, 18 percent of Arsons were cleared. 

37 Percent of the total clearances of Arson involved only 
juveniles during both 1989 and 1988. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1989, there were 562 persons arrested in Maryland for Arson. 
In 1988, 542 persons were arrested for Arson. 

45 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Arson 
were adults while 55 percent were juveniles. 67 percent of the total 
were white, 32 percent were black and 1 percent were other races. 86 
percent of the total were males while the remaining 14 percent were 
f emal es . 



75 



ARSON 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



400- 



350- - 



150-- 



100 



ARSON 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H h 



H 1 V 



4 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May 



Jun Jul 
MONTHS 



Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



76 



ARSON 

DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF PROPERTY 



NUMBER PERCENT AVERAGE 
CLASSIFICATION OF OF VALUE PERCENT 

OFFENSES DISTRIB . (DOLLARS) CLEARED 



TOTAi STRlirTIIRAI 

1 U 1 ML O 1 r\U\^ 1 Ur\r\l_ 


l ^11 

1 9 O 1 1 




P. / 

, O lo 


4> ID, / J3 


lo 


Single Occupancy Residential 


530 


20. 


.5% 


13,487 


30% 


Other Residential 


229 


8. 


.9% 


9,187 


30% 


Storage 


163 


6. 


.3% 


19,943 


17% 


Industri al /Manuf acturi ng 


8 




.3% 


310,835 


13% 


Other Commercial 


147 


5 


.7% 


30,537 


22% 


Communi ty/Publ ic 


172 


6 


.7% 


4,870 


47% 


Al 1 Other Structures 


62 


2 


.4% 


26,269 


15% 


TOTAL MOBILE 


671 


26 


.0% 


5,929 


9% 


Motor Vehicles 


614 


23 


.8% 


4,930 


8% 


Other Mobile Property 


57 


2 


.2% 


16,697 


11% 


OTHER 


599 


23 


.2% 


156 


17% 



TOTAL 2,581 100.8% $ 10,080 21% 



77 



BATTERED 
SPOUSE 



BATTERED SPOUSE 



INTRODUCTION 

The Maryland Battered Spouse Program was established 
through House Joint Resolution 32 which was introduced by Delegate 
Pauline Menes, requesting the Maryland State Police to maintain 
certain information on complaints of domestic assaults. The 
statistics in this report were collected from January 1, 1989 
through December 31, 1989. 

DEFINITION 

A Battered Spouse in the Maryland Uniform Crime Report 
(UCR) Program is considered to be: 

1. A married person living with their spouse 
upon whom an aggravated or non-aggravated 
assault was committed by their mate. 

2. A married person estranged from their spouse 
upon whom an aggravated or non-aggravated 
assault was committed by their mate. 

3. A male and female not married to each other 
and who are living together or had lived 
together at some time, upon whom an aggravated 
or non-aggravated assault was committed by 
their mate. 



REPORTING PROCEDURES 

The Battered Spouse Report is part of the Uniform Crime 
Reports which are submitted monthly to Maryland State Police by 
129 police agencies. 

Under the Maryland Battered Spouse Program, law enforce- 
ment agencies are required to submit a specified Battered Spouse 
Report. The necessary information for this report is gathered 
monthly from each agency's record of complaints, investigations, 
and arrests. The UCR Field Representative provide assistance and 
training to law enforcement agencies in the completion of this 
report . 



80 



CLASSIFICATION 



Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon 
another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily 
injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of 
a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary that an injury result 
when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which would result in 
serious personal injury if the crimes were successfully completed. 
An assault in which hands, fists and feet are used, and severe 
personal injury to the victim results, is also classified as an aggra- 
vated assault. 

Any assault in which hands, fists, and feet are used and no 
serious injury to the victim results, is classified as a non-aggra- 
vated assault. 



LIMITATIONS OF A BATTERED SPOUSE REPORTING PROGRAM 

The main goal of the Maryland Battered Spouse Program is to 
furnish legislature with statistics on Battered Spouses. However, there 
are limitations to the information collected which should be clearly 
understood before any conclusions are drawn from the data presented in 
this report. 

Domestic Assaults of a non-aggravated nature are many times 
handled informally and, as a consequence, incomplete or inaccurate 
recording of the event may result. Procedures for handling non-aggra- 
vated domestic assaults vary between departments. 

Non-aggravated domestic assaults in some instances are taken 
directly to the court system and are not reported to a police department. 
This varies depending upon the county in which the assault occurs. 

While the current method of collecting Battered Spouse informa- 
tion for this report provides less than a complete picture, there is at 
present, no other informational system in general use gathering these 
statistics from police agencies that will more accurately perform this 
task . 



81 



DAY OF WEEK 



50% of the Spousal Assaults reported in 1989 occurred on 
Friday, Saturday and Sunday with 14% occurring on Friday, 17% on 
Saturday and 19% on Sunday. 



FIVE YEAR TREND 

1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 

Monday 1,999 1,911 1,881 1,918 1,572 

Tuesday 1,901 1,865 1,684 1,770 1,568 

Wednesday 1,756 1,704 1,725 1,820 1,498 

Thursday 1,662 1,771 1,804 1,804 1,569 

Friday 2,121 1,983 1,900 2,062 1,683 

Saturday 2,568 2,586 2,487 2,665 2,370 

Sunday 2,774 2,701 2,626 2,749 2,398 

TOTAL 14,781 14,521 14,107 14,788 12,658 



Analysis: 50% of the Spousal Assaults reported in the 
last five years have consistently occurred 
during the three day period, Friday through 
Sunday . 



82 



"VOLUME 

A total of 14,781 spousal assaults were reported to law 
enforcement agencies during 1989. This represents an increase of 
1.8% when compared to 1988. Spousal assaults were 19.2% of the 
76,911 total assaults reported to UCR in 1989. 

MONTH 



FIVE YEAR TREND 





1 989 

1 -70 J 


1 988 


1 987 


1 986 


1 Q8R 


January 


1 ,124 


1 ,084 


1 ,089 


1 ,034 


891 


February 


1 ,005 


1 ,016 


1 ,017 


978 


846 


March 


1,168 


1,140 


1 ,209 


1 ,205 


957 


Apri 1 


1 , C.OH 


1 901 
1 , L\J 1 


1 , 1 J 1 


1,1/0 


y o4 


i v iay 


1 , coy 


1 ?08 
1 , ouo 




1 ?Q? 
I , eye 


1 , 1 CD 


June 


1 ,344 


1 ,265 


1 ,284 


1 ,412 


1 ,161 


July 


1 ,368 


1 ,439 


1 ,318 


1 ,577 


1 ,166 


August 


1 ,331 


1 ,464 


1 ,257 


1 ,331 


1 ,182 


September 


1 ,273 


1 ,163 


1 ,131 


1 ,327 


1 ,058 


October 


1 ,227 


1 ,224 


1,118 


1 ,180 


1 ,173 


November 


1 ,221 


1 ,123 


1 ,161 


1 ,157 


1 ,109 


December 


1 ,167 


1 ,094 


1 ,145 


1 ,122 


1 ,035 


TOTAL 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 


12,658 



*0oes not include spousal assaults reported by Military Installations. 
See "Military Installation - Domestic Assault Section" in this report. 



83 



HOUR OF THE DAY 



57% 


of the spousal assaults occurred 


between the 


hours of 


6:00 P.M. and 


3-00 A M in 


1 9R9 












r — tiii — wi — a r\ 

FIVE YEAR 


TREND 








1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


12:00 A.M. 


782 


806 


870 


896 


808 


1 : 00 A.M. 


775 


801 


749 


827 


655 


2:00 A.M. 


715 


71 1 


753 


772 


670 


3:00 A.M. 


467 


537 


479 


545 


486 


4:00 A.M. 


289 


336 


328 


317 


289 


5:00 A.M. 


208 


245 


245 


243 


205 


6:00 A.M. 


191 


248 


229 


237 


165 


7:00 A.M. 


295 


303 


320 


298 


210 


8:00 A.M. 


352 


315 


333 


313 


273 


9:00 A.M. 


368 


379 


334 


350 


302 


10:00 A.M. 


415 


395 


360 


338 


320 


11 :00 A.M. 


437 


385 


383 


384 


295 


12:00 Noon 


508 


485 


469 


455 


392 


1 :00 P.M. 


479 


410 


403 


401 


312 


2:00 P.M. 


489 


437 


389 


432 


396 


3:00 P.M. 


528 


449 


475 


505 


420 


4:00 P.M. 


609 


593 


530 


542 


499 


5:00 P.M. 


770 


707 


722 


733 


640 


6:00 P.M. 


872 


839 


847 


862 


769 


7:00 P.M. 


950 


924 


872 


944 


796 


8:00 P.M. 


979 


1 ,001 


983 


1 ,011 


908 


9:00 P.M. 


1,112 


1 ,065 


994 


1 ,161 


930 


10:00 P.M. 


1 ,056 


1 ,079 


1 ,020 


1 ,136 


928 


11:00 P.M. 


1 ,135 


1 ,071 


1 ,020 


1 ,086 


990 



Analysis: Over 55% of all spousal assaults have consistently 
occurred between the hours of 6:00 P.M. and 3:00 
A.M. in the last five years. When combined with 
the prior day of the trend, this would indicate 
that most spousal assaults are likely to occur 
between 6:00 P.M. and 3:00 A.M. on Friday, Saturday 
and Sunday. 



AGGRAVATED/NON-AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

2,854 of the spousal assaults reported during 1989 were of an 
aggravated nature. This was a 1% increase over the 2,824 aggravated spousal 
assaults reported in 1988, and aggravated assaults were 19% of the total 
spousal assaults both years. 



84 



WEAPON USE IN SPOUSAL ASSAULTS 



Firearms were 9.0 percent of the total aggravated assaults and 
1.7 percent of the total assaults. In 1988, firearms were 10.3 percent 
of the total aggravated assaults and 2.0 percent of the total assaults. 

Knife or cutting instruments were 22.8 percent of the total 
aggravated assaults and 4.4 percent of the total assaults. In 1988, 
knife or cutting instruments were 26.9 percent of the total aggravated 
assaults and 5.2 percent of the total assaults. 

Other dangerous weapons were 35.7 percent of the total aggravated 
assaults and 6.9 percent of the total assaults. In 1988, other dangerous 
weapons were 36.9 percent of the total aggravated assaults and 7.2 percent 
of the total assaults. 

Aggravated assaults by physical force were 32.4 percent of the 
aggravated assaults and 6.3 percent of the total assaults. In 1988, 
aggravated assaults by physical force were 25.9 percent of the total 
aggravated assaults and 5.0 percent of the total assaults. 

Non-aggravated simple assaults accounted for 80.7 percent of all 
spousal assaults. In 1988, non-aggravated simple assaults were 80.6 
percent of all spousal assaults. 



VICTIM 

In 1989, spousal assault victims were female in 84.7 percent 
of all cases as compared to 84.8 percent in 1988, a .1 percent decrease 
in the female victim ratio. 

56.1 percent of the victims were white, while 43.0 percent were 
black and .9 percent were of other races. In 1988, 55.6 percent were 
white, 43.3 percent were black, and 1.1 percent were of other races. 



85 



PERCENT BY WEAPON AND SEX OF 



VICTIM 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



CLASSIFICATION 


SEX 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


FIREARM 


M 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 




F 


1 .4 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .8 


1 .9 


KNIFE OR CUTTING 


M 


2.3 


2.5 


2.2 


2.5 


2.7 


INSTRUMENT 


F 


2.1 


2.7 


2.6 


2.5 


2.9 


OTHER DANGEROUS 


M 


2.2 


2.4 


1.7 


2.3 


2.9 


WEAPONS 


F 


4.7 


4.8 


3.8 


4.9 


6.0 


HANDS, FISTS, 


M 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.6 


FEET, ETC. 


F 


5.9 


4.7 


4.1 


5.0 


8.0 


TOTAL AGGRAVATED 


M 


5.1 


5.5 


4.5 


5.7 


6.7 


ASSAULTS 


F 


14.2 


14.0 


12.2 


14.1 


18.8 


TOTAL NON-AGGRAVATED 


M 


10.2 


9.7 


9.7 


8.7 


8.5 


A C C A 1 1 1 T C 

AbbAUL 1 b 


r 

r 


70.5 


70.9 




/ 1 . b 


bo . U 


GRAND TOTAL 


M 


15.3 


15.2 


14.3 


14.4 


15.2 




F 


84.7 


84.8 


85.7 


85.6 


84.8 






NUMBER OF 


INCIDENTS 












FIVE YEAR TREND 








CLASSIFICATION 




1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


r t nr ft dm 




257 


290 


1 o o 

283 


tot 

32b 


298 


KNIFE 




652 


760 


678 


735 


704 


OTHER DANGEROUS 




1 ,019 


1 ,042 


775 


1 ,057 


1 ,134 


WEAPONS 














HANDS, FISTS 




926 


732 


628 


810 


1 ,095 


FEET, ETC. 














NON-AGGRAVATED 




11,927 


11 ,697 


1 1 ,743 


11 ,861 


9,427 


TOTAL 




14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 


12,658 



86 



HOUSEHOLD STATUS 



LIVING 

TOGETHER ESTRANGED UNKNOWN 

78.6% 15.6% 5.8% 

75.6% 15.9% 8.5% 



CIRCUMSTANCES 



ALCOHOL 

'ARGUMENT RELATED OTHER UNKNOWN 



22.9% 16.9% 20.6% 39.6% 

21.3% 17.7% 23.7% 37.3% 



'NATUR E OF ARGUMENT 

INFIDELITY MONEY PROPERTY CHILDREN OTHER 

5.2% 4.4% 3.2% 4.9% 5.2% 

4.9% 4.9% 2.5% 4.5% 4.5% 



87 



CIRCUMSTANCES 







FIVE YEAR 


TREND 






NATURE OF 
ARGUMENT 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


ALCOHOL 


2,499 


2,563 


2,673 


2,600 


2,284 


DRUGS 


396 


290 


202 


165 


119 


FOOD/COOKING 


104 


84 


99 


121 


66 


FRIENDS 


145 


125 


137 


232 


139 


GAMBLING 


3 


5 


2 


10 


9 




80 


77 

/ / 


66 


1 1 7 


78 


TNFTnFI TTY 

1 111 1 ULL 1 1 1 




710 


744 


73? 


707 


FMPI DYMFNT 

L_ 1 lr l_ U 1 TIL 1 1 1 

JOB RELATED 


96 


80 


97 


103 


107 


MENTAL IMBALANCE 


52 


44 


45 


50 


54 


MONEY 


657 


714 


585 


615 


603 


OFFSPRING 


726 


652 


648 


760 


702 


PROPERTY 


477 


361 


424 


538 


490 


RELATIVES 


109 


114 


91 


116 


128 


SEX 


179 


130 


144 


172 


162 


HOBBY 


8 


4 


4 


17 


12 


T.V. 


54 


35 


29 


26 


24 


OTHER 


2,581 


3,112 


2,909 


2,673 


2,100 


UNKNOWN 


5,850 


5,421 


5,208 


5,741 


4,874 


TOTAL 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 


12,658 



88 



CLEARANCES 



There are two ways of clearing a case. One is by making an 
arrest and charging the person(s) with the offense. The second is 
known as an exceptional clearance whereby the police know the identity 
and location of the person(s) who committed the offense, and have 
enough information to arrest them but there is some reason beyond their 
control that prevent them from making the arrest. The most frequent 
reason is the victims neglect or refusal to prosecute. 

85.0 percent of all spousal assault cases reported in 1989 were 
cleared; 22.0 percent by arrest and 63.0 percent exceptionally. In 15.0 
percent of the incidents the dispositions of the cases were unknown. In 
1988, 88.3 percent of all spousal assault cases were cleared; 21.4 percent 
by arrest and 66.9 percent exceptionally. In 11.7 percent of the cases, 
the dispositions were unknown. 



89 



The following chart reflects the ratio of Spousal Assaults as compared 
with the total of all (Spousal and Non-Spousal) Assaults. It also reflects 
the percentage of Aggravated Spousal Assaults as compared with the Non-Aggra- 
vated Spousal Assaults. These comparisons are made on a State and County 
1 evel . 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



State 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Total 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


1 4,788 


1 2,658 


Rati o 


1 :5.2 


1:5.4 


1 :5.1 


1:5.0 


1:5.3 


Aggravated 


2,854 


2,824 


2,364 


2,927 


3,231 


Non-Aggravated 


11 ,927 


11 ,697 


11 ,743 


11 ,861 


9,427 


Percent 


19.3 


19.4 


16.8 


19.8 


25.5 


Region I - Eastern Shore 












Caroline County 












Total 


37 


27 


47 


52 


40 


Rati o 


1:7.6 


1 :9.7 


1:5.7 


1 :6.0 


1:7.8 


Aggravated 


1 


1 1 


8 


1 


1 3 


Non-Aggravated 


27 


16 


39 


42 


27 


Percent 


27.0 


40 . 7 


17.0 


19.2 


32 . 5 


Cecil County 












Total 


290 


218 


233 


250 


175 


Rati o 


1 :4.0 


1 :4.6 


1:4.4 


1:4.4 


1:5.5 


Aggravated 


59 


40 


45 


42 


38 


Non-Aggravated 


231 


178 


188 


208 


137 




20 3 


1 8 3 


19 3 


16.8 


21 .7 


Dorchester County 












Total 


fi? 


53 


51 


63 


61 


Rati o 


1 :9.7 


1 :9.7 


1 :9.0 


1 :6.9 


1:7.3 


Aggravated 


21 


21 


11 


16 


22 


Non-Aggravated 


41 


32 


40 


47 


39 


Percent 


33.9 


39.6 


21 .6 


25.4 


36.1 


Kent County 












Total 


19 


25 


15 


13 


23 


Rati o 


1:12. 


1:7.6 


1 :9.9 


1:17. 


1:9.9 


Aggravated 


5 


4 


5 


3 


1 


Non-Aggravated 


14 


21 


10 


10 


22 


Percent 


26.3 


16.0 


33.3 


23.1 


4.3 



90 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1989 

Charles County 



Total 282 

Ratio 1:4.5 

Aggravated 73 

Non-Aggravated 209 

Percent 25.9 

St . Mary 1 s County 

Total 158 

Ratio 1:5.4 

Aggravated 38 

Non-Aggravated 120 

Percent 24.1 

Region III - Western Maryland 

Allegany County 

Total 177 

Ratio 1:4.5 

Aggravated 17 

Non-Aggravated 160 

Percent 9.6 

Carroll County 

Total 260 

Ratio 1:4.4 

Aggravated 38 

Non-Aggravated 222 

Percent 14.6 

Frederick County 

Total 195 

Ratio 1:7.4 

Aggravated 64 

Non-Aggravated 131 

Percent 32.8 

Garrett County 

Total 61 

Ratio 1:4.9 

Aggravated 16 

Non-Aggravated 45 

Percent 26.2 



1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


300 


346 


104 


36 


1 :4.0 


1:3.4 


1:12.0 


1 : 32.0 


69 


70 


16 


6 


231 


276 


88 


30 


23.0 


20.2 


15.4 


16.7 


220 


213 


188 


140 


1 :4.3 


1:3.9 


1:4.0 


1 :4.8 


53 


42 


42 


34 


167 


171 


146 


106 


24.1 


19.7 


22.3 


24.3 


116 


82 


57 


39 


1 :4.8 


1 :4.8 


1 :6.2 


1:9.5 


23 


14 


1 3 


1 3 


93 


68 


44 


26 


19.8 


17.1 


22 .8 


33 . 3 


1 97 


21 2 


238 


200 


1:5.3 


1 :4.6 


1 :4.0 


1 :4.0 


25 


38 


39 


47 


172 


174 


199 


153 


12.7 


17.9 


16.4 


23.5 


231 


184 


234 


242 


1 :6.0 


1:7.1 


1:6.4 


1 :5.1 


64 


57 


74 


89 


167 


1 27 


1 60 


1 53 


71 1 


31 


31 6 


36 8 


102 


95 


85 


65 


1 :2.9 


1 :3.1 


1 :3.0 


1:2.2 


5 


19 


15 


8 


97 


76 


70 


57 


4.9 


20.0 


17.6 


12.3 



91 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1989 

Queen Anne 1 s County 



Total 85 

Ratio 1:3.6 

Aggravated 23 

Non-Aggravated 62 

Percent 27.1 

Somerset County 

Total 59 

Ratio 1:7.7 

Aggravated 6 

Non-Aggravated 53 

Percent 10.2 

Talbot County 

Total 36 

Ratio 1:9.3 

Aggravated 12 

Non-Aggravated 24 

Percent 33.3 

Wicomico County 

Total 100 

Ratio 1:11. 

Aggravated 28 

Non-Aggravated 72 

Percent 28.0 

Worcester County 

Total 98 

Ratio 1:8.5 

Aggravated 24 

Non-Aggravated 74 

Percent 24.5 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 

Total 125 

Rati o 1:5.4 

Aggravated 19 

Non-Aggravated ]Q6 

Percent 752 



1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


78 


62 


40 


42 


1:3.7 


1 :4.5 


1 :6.6 


1:7.6 


17 


21 


8 


8 


61 


41 


32 


34 


21 .8 


33.9 


20.0 


19.0 


48 


56 


37 


37 


1:9.6 


1:7.7 


1 .11 .0 


1 : 10.0 


1 1 


6 


7 


10 


37 


50 


30 


27 


22.9 


10.7 


18.9 


27.0 


26 


30 


39 


39 


: 1 2 .0 


1 :8.5 


1 :6.4 


1:6.1 


5 


10 


7 


4 


21 


20 


32 


35 


19.2 


33.3 


17.9 


10.3 


117 


126 


115 


122 


1 :8.1 


1 :7.2 


1:9.4 


1:7.5 


35 


32 


24 


12 


82 


94 


91 


110 


29.9 


25.4 


20.9 


9.8 


67 


78 


61 


75 


1:7.8 


1:7.1 


1:10.0 


1 :9.0 


17 


18 


15 


19 


50 


60 


46 


56 


25.4 


23.1 


24.6 


25.3 


123 


96 


127 


86 


1 :5.3 


1 :5.8 


1 :4.5 


1:5.1 


26 


19 


28 


16 


97 


. 77 


99 


70 


21 .1 


19.8 


22.0 


18.6 



92 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1989 

Washington County 



Total 77 

Ratio 1:8.6 

Aggravated 31 

Non-Aggravated 46 

Percent 40.3 

Region IV - Washington Metro Area 

Montgomery County 

Total 1,164 

Ratio 1:4.4 

Aggravated 156 

Non-Aggravated 1,008 

Percent 13.4 

Prince George's County 

Total 2,476 

Ratio 1:4.6 

Aggravated 404 

Non-Aggravated 2,072 

Percent 16.3 

Region V - Baltimore Metro Area 

Baltimore City 

Total 2,492 

Ratio 1:10. 

Aggravated 332 

Non-Aggravated 2,160 

Percent 13.3 

Anne Arundel County 

Total 488 

Ratio 1:6.7 

Aggravated 133 

Non-Aggravated 355 

Percent 27.3 



1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


52 


65 


52 


52 


l • p a 

1 . O . D 


1 . . 1 


i . in n 
1 . 1 U .U 


1 • Q « 
1 . 3 . O 


24 


22 


16 


14 


28 


43 


36 


38 


46.2 


33.8 


30.8 


26.9 


1 ,072 


909 


759 


548 


1 :4.8 


1:5.3 


1:5.8 


1:7.6 


124 


91 


96 


79 


948 


818 


663 


469 


11 .6 


10.0 


12.6 


14.4 


2,175 


2,228 


2,567 


1 ,096 


"1 - C 
1 . J . L 


i - c; n 

1 . J . u 




1 - c. q 


470 


466 


542 


339 


1 ,705 


1 ,762 


2,025 


757 


21 .6 


20.9 


21 .1 


30.9 


2,886 


3,087 


3,400 


3,304 


1 :8.7 


1 :7.7 


1:7.2 


1:7.7 


437 


457 


487 


547 


2,449 


2,630 


2,913 


2,757 


15.1 


14.8 


14.3 


16.6 


513 


468 


536 


555 


1 :6.3 


1:7.5 


1:7.2 


1:5.9 


154 


125 


123 


181 


359 


343 


413 


374 


30.0 


26.7 


22.9 


32.6 



93 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1989 

Baltimore County 



Total 5,123 

Ratio 1:3.1 

Aggravated 1,214 

Non-Aggravated 3,909 

Percent 23.7 

Harford County 

Total 364 

Ratio 1:4.1 

Aggravated 67 

Non-Aggravated 297 

Percent 18.4 

Howard County 

Total 553 

Ratio 1:3.5 

Aggravated 64 

Non-Aggravated 489 

Percent 11.6 



1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


4,990 


4,766 


5,168 


5,058 


1 :3.1 


1:3.2 


1 :3.0 


1:2.8 


1 ,042 


712 


1 ,220 


1 ,644 


3,948 


4,054 


3,948 


3,414 


20.9 


14.9 


23.6 


32.5 


351 


343 


378 


372 


1 :4.5 


1 :4.5 


1:4.7 


1 :3.8 


81 


48 


50 


60 


270 


295 


328 


312 


23.1 


14.0 


13.2 


16.1 


531 


306 


218 


250 


1 :3.7 


1 :5.5 


1 :9.2 


1:7.2 


66 


27 


29 


27 


465 


279 


189 


223 


12.4 


8.8 


13.3 


10.8 



94 



MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
DOMESTIC ASSAULTS 
1989 

AGGRAVATED NON-AGGRAVATED TOTAL 

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND 12 12 

FORT GEORGE G. MEADE 16 36 52 
FORT RITCHIE OOO 

ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE 2 23 25 

PATUXENT NAVAL AIR STATION 

FORT DETRICK 

U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY 1 1 

GRAND TOTAL 18 72 90 



95 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA 



The tables contained within this section were designed to 
provide quick reference to statistical crime information relative to 
the different reporting areas of the State of Maryland. 

The tables are broken down by Region. Within each Region 
information is listed in County name sequence and is further detailed 
to show the activity experienced by individual police agencies. The 
general identifying descriptions which indicate tne reporting areas 
are listed and defined as follows: 



Regional Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all the Counties within the indicated 
Regi on . 

County Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all reporting Agencies within the indicated 
County . 



Sheriff - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by Sheriff's Offices. This 
includes activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in 
that County. 

County Police 

Department - This line indicates the total activity 
reported by County Police Departments. 
This includes activity which may have 
occurred within the corporate limits of 
towns in that County. 

State Police - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by all State Police installations 
within the indicated reporting area. This 
includes activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in that 
County . 

Munici pal 
Pol i ce 

Departments - This line indicates the total activity reported 
by the specified police departments and includes 
only those crimes which were handled by that 
department . 



97 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (cont'd) 



The five regions used in the Maryland Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program are as follows: 

Region I - Eastern Shore 

Caroline County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne ' s County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 
Charles County 
St . Mary ' s County 

Region III - Western Maryland 

Allegany County 
Carroll County 
Frederick County 
Garrett County 
Washington County 

Region IV - Washington Metropolitan Region 

Montgomery County 
Prince George's County 

Region V - Baltimore Metropolitan Region 

Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel County 
Baltimore County 
Harford County 
Howard County 

The tabulations in this section indicate the volume of Crime 
in Maryland by regions, counties and cities or towns based on the 
occurrence of the Crime Index Offenses reported through the law enforce- 
ment agencies in the area. The crimes included in the index are: Murder 
and nonnegligent Manslaughter, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, 
Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft.* 



*Arson figures included are not computed in the total offenses or crime 
rates . 

98 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (cont'd) 



f ol 1 ows 



Each heading contained in this section is defined as 



Population: 



Total Offenses 



Total Cleared: 



Percent Cleared: 



Percent Cleared = 



Crime Rate; 



Estimated populations for the State, 
Regions and Counties as provided by 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
on a yearly basi s . 

The sum total of the Index Offenses. 

The sum total of the Index Offenses cleared. 

The percentage of Index Offenses cleared by 
arrest or exceptional means. The mathematical 
formula may be expressed as follows: 

Index Offenses Cleared 
Index Offenses X 100 

This rate is the number of Index Offenses 
per 100,000 population. To compute a crime 
race, divide the population by 100,000 and 
divide the number of offenses by the quotient. 



Exampl e : 



Population for Region X 

Number of Index Offenses 
for Region X this year. 



312,010 
13,092 



312,010 
100,000 

13,092 
3.120 



3.120 



4,196.2 



Crime Rate for Region X 



4,196.2 



Crime Rates for the individual agencies are not calculated in 
the following table because of overlapping jurisdictions in many cities of 
municipal, county and state law enforcement agencies. This table contains 
the offenses as reported by the individual agencies with crime rates for the 
county and region totals. Arson offenses in this table are listed opposite 
the agency reporting the Arson. In the Municipality Table, the Arsons are 
listed in the municipality where they occurred. 



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140 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES 



Crime Rates for individual cities and towns are listed in the 
following table. The rates for many cicies are based on combined data 
reported by municipal, county and state law enforcement agencies due to 
overlapping jurisdictions. 



141 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 

Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


m 

Theft 


REGION 1 


CAROL I NE COUNTY 


Denton 


1988 


11,095.2 


233 








5 


64 


32 


128 


4 




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c 


17 


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o 
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I Change 


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FcDERALSBURG 


1988 


4,095.2 


86 





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29 


40 


10 




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c 
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Q 

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MM 


o 
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% Change 


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-29.1 
















GOLDSBORO 


1988 


2,000.0 


4 





1 





1 





2 







1989 


2.000.0 


4 














1 


3 







% Change 


0.0 


0.0 
















Greensboro 


1988 


2,571.4 


36 














10 


26 







1989 


533.3 


8 














3 


5 







% Change 


-79.3 


-77.8 
















Preston 


1988 


1,400.0 


7 











1 


4 


2 







1989 


1,000.0 


5 














1 


4 







1 Change 


-28.6 


-28.6 
















Ridgely 


1988 


700.0 


7 











1 


4 


2 







1989 


3,900.0 


39 











1 


10 


26 


2 




% Change 


+457.1 


+457,1 
















CECIL COUNTY 


Cecilton 


1988 


4,200.0 


21 








2 


4 


7 


6 


2 




1989 


3,800.0 


19 








1 


1 


11 


5 


1 




% Change 


-9.5 


-9.5 
















Charlestown 


1988 


2,285.7 


16 





1 





2 


6 


7 







1989 


3,000.0 


21 











3 


10 


8 







1 Change 


+31.3 


+31.3 
















Chesapeake City 


1988 


1,200.0 


12 











1 


4 


7 







1989 


1,400.0 


14 











1 


6 


6 


1 




1 Change 


+16.7 


+16.7 
















Elkton 


1988 


8,066.7 


605 





3 


10 


47 


109 


389 


47 




1989 


8,194.8 


631 


1 


1 


13 


66 


80 


431 


39 




% Change 


+1.6 


+4.3 
















NcmTh East 


1988 


5,500.0 


99 





1 





4 


11 


70 


13 




1989 


4,631.6 


88 





1 


1 


13 


17 


48 


8 




1 Change 


-15.8 


-11.1 
















Perryville 


1988 


4.381.0 


92 








2 


14 


29 


40 


7 




1989 


4,904,8 


103 





2 


-1 


12 


41 


36 


13 




1 Change 


+12.0 


+12.0 




1 












Port Deposit 


1988 


6,571.4 


46 











2 


19 


24 


1 




1989 


8,750,0 


70 





1 


3 


15 


25 


26 







1 Change 


+33.2 


+52.2 
















Rising Sun 


1988 


3,466,7 


52 








1 


3 


9 


36 


3 




1989 


4,200.0 


63 








1 


3 


2 


51 


b 




1 Change 


+21.2 


+21.2 
















DORCHESTER COUNTY 


Cambridge 


1988 


8,238.9 


931 


1 


5 


30 


98 


233 


544 


20 




1989 


9,052.6 


1,032 


3 


8 


26 


102 


246 


633 


14 




% Change 


+9,9 


+10.8 
















HuRLOCK 


1988 


4,842.1 


92 





2 





19 


lb 


52 


3 




1989 


2,473.7 


47 











3 


14 


25 


5 




% Change 


-48.9 


-48,9 

















142 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


M/V 
Theft 


KENT COUNTY 


Betterton 


lyoo 




n 
u 


u 


u 


u 


u 


u 


n 
u 


n 
u 




1Q8Q 


9^ 


i 
i 


u 


n 
u 


n 
u 


n 
u 


u 


i 


u 




% Change 




















Chestertown 


1300 


.0 


l 


i 

i 


i 
i 




1 1 


97 
LI 


11D 


o 
6 






j.UUU.U 




i 
i 


7 
J 


H 


in 


71 
31 


irv7 


Q 
3 




% Change 


+5.1 


+5.1 
















Galena 






U 


U 


U 


U 


u 


A 

u 


U 


U 




1 QOQ 




1 


U 


U 


U 


U 


1 

1 


U 


n 
U 




% Change 




















MlLLINGTON 


1988 






























1989 


1,000.0 


5 

















5 







% Change 




















Rock Hall 


1988 


2, Mil. 8 


41 











2 


13 


26 







1989 


1.937.5 


31 








1 


3 


7 


19 


1 




% Change 


-19.7 


-24.4 
















QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 


Centreville 


1 388 


4,300.0 


86 











8 


11 


64 


3 




1989 


6,105.3 


116 








1 


4 


31 


76 


4 




% Change 


+42.0 


+34.9 
















SOMERSET COUNTY 


Crisfield 


1988 


3,551.7 


103 


1 








7 


49 


39 


7 




1989 


2.241.4 


65 








1 


12 


20 


25 


7 




% Change 


-36.9 


-36.9 
















Princess Anne 


1988 


10,875.0 


174 





1 





13 


37 


116 


7 




1989 


7,000.0 


119 





3 


2 


7 


15 


85 


7 




% Change 


-35.6 


-31.6 
















TALBOT COUNTY 


Easton 


1988 


6.640.4 


591 





5 


14 


58 


74 


408 


32 




1989 


8,811.1 


793 





5 


28 


113 


130 


480 


37 




% Change 


+32.7 


+34.2 
















Oxford 


1988 


375.0 


3 














1 


2 







1989 


1,500.0 


12 








1 





2 


8 


1 




% Change 


+300.0 


+3U0.0 
















St, Michael's 


1988 


6,071.4 


85 





2 





9 


14 


59 


1 




1989 


5,071.4 


71 





1 


3 


7 


8 


49 


3 




% Change 


-16.5 


-16.5 
















Trappe 


1988 






























1989 






























% Change 




















WICOMICO COUNTY 


Delmar 


1988 


3,666.7 


55 











6 


12 


35 


2 




1989 


4,600.0 


69 





1 


1 


8 


13 


46 







1 Change 


+25.5 


+25.5 
















Fruitland 


1988 


5,628.6 


197 





1 


4 


8 


54 


125 


5 




1989 


5,567.6 


206 


1 





3 


23 


51 


123 


5 




1 Change 


-1.1 


+4.6 
















Hebron 


1988 






























1989 


428.6 


3 

















3 







% Change 




















Pittsville 


1988 






























1989 


200.0 


1 











1 













% Change 





















143 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Cr i me 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


M/V 
Theft 


Sal i sbury 


1988 


13.435.5 


2.499 





\ 19 


104 


173 


516 


1-577 


110 




1989 


11.716.6 


2,191 


2 


21 


78 


282 


442 


1,262 


104 




% Change 


-12.8 


-12.3 
















Sharptown 


1988 






























1989 






























1 Change 




















Will i ards 


1988 






























1989 


200.0 


1 











1 













1 Change 




















WORCESTER COUNTY 


Berlin 


1988 


1.628.6 


57 











4 


19 


33 


1 




1989 


1.567.6 


58 








1 


9 


17 


23 


8 




% Change 


-3.7 


+1.8 
















Ocean City 


1988 


30,055.6 


2.164 





16 


21 


85 


464 


1.500 


78 




1989 


30,767.1 


2.246 





11 


19 


166 


412 


1-574 


64 




% Change 


+2.4 


+3.8 
















Pocomoke City 


1988 


5,289.5 


201 








1 


12 


23 


161 


4 




1989 


5.694.4 


205 








1 


13 


25 


163 


3 




1 Change 


+7.7 


+2,0 
















Snow Hill 


1988 


863.6 


19 














4 


15 







1989 


1,238.1 


26 














5 


18 


3 




1 Change 


+43.4 


+36.8 
















REGION II 


CALVERT COUNTY 


Chesapeake Beach 


1988 


3.000.0 


69 


1 





1 


12 


18 


33 


4 




1989 


3.280.0 


82 


1 


2 


1 


21 


23 


22 


12 




1 Change 


+9.3 


+18.8 
















North Beach 


1988 


1,714.3 


48 





1 





13 


13 


20 


1 




1989 


1,642.9 


46 





1 





15 


10 


16 


4 




1 Change 


-4.2 


-4.2 
















CHARLES COUNTY 


Indian Head 


1988 


6.312.5 


101 








1 


12 


17 


60 


11 




1989 


5,812.5 


93 








4 


7 


12 


56 


14 




1 Change 


-7.9 


-7.9 
















La Plata 


1988 


9.057.1 


317 








2 


24 


39 


243 


9 




1989 


5,952.4 


250 





1 


4 


23 


19 


181 


22 




% Change 


-34.3 


-21.1 
















ST. MARY'S COUNTY 


Leonardtown 


L988 


8,352.9 


142 


1 





1 


14 


40 


81 


5 




1989 


6,882.4 


117 








1 


12 


36 


63 


5 




1 Change 


-17.6 


-17.6 
















REGION III 


ALLEGANY COUNTY 


Barton 


1988 






























1989 


166.7 


1 











1 













1 Change 




















Cumberland 


1988 


5,079.5 


1.214 


2 


8 


8 


40 


244 


869 


43 




1989 


5.757.4 


1-353 


2 


2 


10 


94 


306 


907 


32 




1 Change 


+13.3 


+11.5 
















Frostburg 


1988 


3,802.8 


270 





2 


1 


19 


38 


204 


6 




1989 


4,202.7 


311 





1 


2 


11 


40 


253 


4 




I Change 


+10.5 


+15.2 

















144 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault"' 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


MAI 
IV V 

Theft 


LONACONING 


1988 


142.9 


2 

















2 







1989 


230.8 


3 





1 








1 





1 




% Change 


+61.5 


+50.0 
















Luke 


1988 


2.333.3 


7 














2 


5 







1989 


0.0 




























% Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















Midland 


1988 


- 




























1989 


- 




























I Change 




















Westernport 


1988 


1.346.2 


35 





1 





1 


10 


19 


4 




1989 


881.6 


23 











1 


4 


17 


1 




% Change 


-34.3 


-34.3 
















CARROLL COUNTY 


Hampstead 


1988 


2.066.7 


31 








1 


1 


7 


22 







1989 


2.937.5 


47 





1 





5 


11 


30 







1 Change 


+42.1 


+51.6 
















•Manchester 


1988 


1,500.0 


36 











2 


11 


23 







1989 


1.960.0 


49 





1 





3 


17 


22 


6 




1 Change 


+30.7 


+36.1 
















New Windsor 


1988 


600.0 


6 














1 


5 







1989 


900.0 


9 














1 


8 







% Change 


+50.0 


+50.0 
















Sykesville 


1988 


2,863.6 


63 











3 


16 


37 


7 




1989 


3,909.1 


86 








2 


7 


24 


50 


3 




1 Change 


+36.5 


+36.5 
















Taneytown 


1988 


3,437.5 


110 











5 


31 


71 


3 




1989 


3.818.2 


126 





1 


1 


14 


38 


71 


1 




1 Change 


+11.1 


+14.5 
















Union Bridge 


1988 


83.3 


1 

















1 







1989 


500.0 


6 














2 


4 







1 Change 


+500.2 


+500.0 
















Westminster 


1988 


6.743.1 


735 


2 


1 


12 


31 


112 


558 


19 




1989 


8,814.8 


952 





2 


10 


35 


162 


714 


29 




1 Change 


+30.7 


+29.5 
















FREDERICK COUNTY 


Brunswick 


1988 


2.148.1 


116 














26 


80 


10 




1989 


2,434.0 


129 





1 





16 


17 


92 


3 




1 Change 


+13,3 


+11.2 
















BuRK 1 TTSVI LLE 


1988 


500,0 


1 

















1 







1989 


0,0 




























1 Change 


-100,0 


-100.0 
















Emm«tsburg 


1988 


764.7 


13 











5 


1 


7 







1989 


2,000.0 


32 











4 


4 


23 


1 




1 Change 


+161.5 


+146.2 
















Frederick 


1988 


7.465.4 


2.695 


2 


13 


88 


354 


535 


1,594 


109 




1989 


6,922.9 


2,513 


3 


13 


90 


316 


425 


1,523 


143 




% Change 


-7,3 


-6,8 
















Middletown 


1988 


1,777.8 


32 











2 


10 


19 


1 




1989 


1,588.2 


27 











3 


4 


20 







% Change 


-15.6 


-15.6 
















*Mt, Airy 


1988 


766.7 


23 








3 


1 


6 


12 


1 




1989 


2.200.0 


66 








5 


3 


8 


49 


1 




1 Change 


+187.0 


+187,0 

















'Although Mt. Airy lies in Carroll, Frederick and Howard Counties, for purposes of this report, we have shown the data for the entire 
city in Frederick County, 

145 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Cr i me 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


nuuKAVA 1 ClJ 

Assault 


Entering 


1 ADPPWV 

Theft 


M/V 
Theft 


Myersville 


1988 


1.100.0 


7 











1 


2 


4 







1989 


800.0 


4 








1 








3 







I Change 


-42.9 


-42.9 
















New Market 


1988 


400,0 


2 














1 


1 







1989 


0.0 




























1 Change 


-100,0 


-100.0 
















Thurmont 


1988 


2,090.0 


69 











5 


13 


47 


4 




1989 


2,500,0 


85 





1 





12 


9 


61 


2 




% Change 


+19,6 


+23.2 
















Walkersville 


1988 


1,241.4 


36 











3 


10 


22 


1 




1989 


1,931.0 


56 








1 


6 


11 


36 


2 




1 Change 


+55.6 


+55.6 
















WOODSBORO 


1988 


800.0 


4 











1 


2 


1 







1989 


600.0 


3 














1 


1 


1 




1 Change 


-25.0 


-25.0 
















GARRETT COUNTY 


Accident 


1988 


- 




























1989 


333.3 


1 














1 










1 Change 




















Deer Park 


1988 






























1989 


200.0 


1 














1 










% Change 




















Friendsville 


1988 


800.0 


4 











1 


1 


2 







1989 


600.0 


3 











1 


1 





1 




1 Change 


-25.0 


-25.0 
















Grantsville 


1988 


200.0 


1 














1 










1989 


1,000.0 


6 











1 


2 


2 


1 




7» Change 


+400.0 


+500.0 
















KlTZMILLER 


1988 






























1989 


250.0 


1 











1 













% Change 




















Loch Lynn 


1988 






























1989 


400.0 


2 














1 


1 







% Change 




















Mt, Lake Park 


1988 


888,9 


16 











2 


3 


10 


1 




1989 


777.8 


14 





1 





3 


3 


6 


1 




1 Change 


-12.5 


-12.5 
















Oakland 


1988 


3,944.4 


71 











2 


15 


51 


3 




1989 


3,722.2 


67 











5 


14 


46 


2 




7o Change 


-5.6 


-5.6 
















WASHINGTON COUNTY 


BOONSBORO 


1988 


272.7 


6 











2 


2 


2 







1989 


833.3 


20 











8 


4 


7 


1 




1 Change 


+205.6 


+233.3 
















Clear Spring 


1988 


3,400.0 


17 





1 





2 


5 


9 







1989 


5,000.0 


25 











2 


6 


16 


1 




% Change 


+47.1 


+47,1 
















Funkstown 


1988 


750.0 


9 











1 


3 


5 







1989 


583.3 


7 











2 





5 







7o Change 


-22.2 


-22.2 
















Hagerstown 


1988 


4,460.0 


1,561 





8 


42 


99 


326 


976 


110 




1989 


4,937.5 


1.738 


7 


2 


36 


163 


426 


1,002 


102 




1 Change 


+10.7 


+11.3 

















146 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


ROBBERY 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


M/V 
Theft 


Hancock 


1988 


2,947.4 


56 








o 


5 


12 


38 


1 






i.iij.o 


C7 


n 
U 


n 
U 


n 
U 


7 
J 


13 


40 


i 

i 




% Change 


+12.5 


+12.5 
















Keedysville 


1988 




o 


o 


o 


u 


o 


o 


o 


o 








A 

u 


U 


U 


U 


U 


U 


U 


U 




% Change 




















ShARPSBURG 


1988 


1.000.0 


7 














6 


1 







i oca 


o rvn n 
z.UUU.U 


14 


n 
U 


u 


U 


L 


c 
5 


c 
3 


i 




% Change 


+100,0 


+100.0 
















Smi thsburg 


1988 


3,222.2 


29 











5 


10 


12 


2 




1QSQ 


? 8S8 Q 




i 
i 


u 


u 


U 


19 
it 


17 
1J 


u 




1 Change 


-10.3 


-10.3 
















WlLLIAMSPOKT 


1988 


4.952.4 


104 











2 


45 


46 


11 




1989 


5,000.0 


105 





1 





5 


52 


38 


9 




1 Change 


+1.0 


+1.0 
















REGION IV 


MONTOGOPERY COUNTY 


Chevy Chase IV 


1988 


1,413.8 


41 








1 





11 


28 


1 




1989 


n n 
u.u 


n 
u 






u 




n 
u 


n 
u 


n 
u 




1 Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















Chevy Chase Village 1988 


3,500.0 


77 














24 


52 


1 




1989 


1 ^71 1j 


77 


n 
u 


n 


n 


n 


c 
j 


LJ 


7 
J 




% Change 


-55.1 


-57.1 
















Gaithersburg 


1988 


5,850.9 


2,001 


2 


12 


43 


75 


258 


1,409 


202 




1989 


3,154,9 


1,202 


2 


5 


42 


61 


160 


797 


135 




1 Change 


-46.1 


-39.9 
















Garrett Park 


1988 


1,666.7 


20 














5 


13 


2 




1989 


0,0 




























1 Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















Kensington 


1988 


11,611.1 


209 








7 


4 


35 


127 


36 




1989 


444.4 


8 








1 





1 


4 


2 




1 Change 


-96.2 


-96.2 
















POOLESVILLE 


1988 


1,088,2 


37 














10 


27 







1989 


88.2 


3 














3 










1 Change 


-91.9 


-91.9 
















ROCKVILLE 


1988 


4,824.2 


2,388 


1 


16 


69 


96 


442 


1,568 


196 




1989 


2.666.7 


1,288 





5 


44 


53 


248 


837 


101 




% Change 


-44,7 


-46.1 
















Somerset 


1988 


1.363.5 


15 








1 


2 


3 


7 


2 




1989 


0.0 




























1 Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















" Takoma Park 


1988 


5,880.8 


888 


2 


8 


55 


32 


233 


460 


98 




1989 


6-827,3 


949 





6 


58 


41 


208 


506 


130 




1 Change 


+16.1 


+6,9 
















PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 


Berwyn Heights 


1938 


3,069.0 


89 








10 


4 


9 


55 


11 




1989 


2,482.8 


72 








2 


3 


17 


42 


8 




1 Change 


-19.1 


-19.1 
















Bladensburg 


1988 


11,835.4 


935 


2 


4 


62 


76 


161 


406 


224 




1989 


12,443.0 


983 


2 


2- 


82 


78 


154 


461 


208 




1 Change 


+5.1 


+5.1 

















'Although Takoma Pa.~<k lies in I'Iontgomery and Prince George's Counties, for purposes of this report, we have shown the data for the entire city 
in Montgomery County. This data reflects the first year for availability and inclusion of Prince George's County crime data. 



147 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


IW 
Theft 


Bowie 


; BJ 


2,978.3 


1,099 





4 


21 


39 


265 


671 


99 




1989 


2.867.2 


1,058 


o 


I 


21 


54 


252 


608 


122 






-3.7 


-3.7 
















Brentwood 


1988 


5.406.3 


173 


o 


2 


7 


12 


30 


83 


39 




1989 


6.062.5 


194 


o 


2 


13 


19 


45 


79 


36 




_ r t m I i 1 1 r 


+12,1 


+12.1 
















Capitol Heights 


1988 


6.794,9 


265 


1 


2 


31 


22 


55 


81 


73 




1989 


8.102.6 


316 


1 


I 


37 


37 


80 


102 


58 




1 ' 1 N ■ u 


+19,2 


+19.2 
















Cheverly 


1988 


6.879.3 


399 


2 


3 


26 


13 


93 


172 


90 




1989 


5.803,6 


325 


1 


a 


29 


11 


63 


141 


76 




% Change 


-15.6 


-18,5 
















College Park 


1988 


10.422.2 


2.345 





5 


34 


50 


465 


1,658 


133 




1989 


10,070.1 


2,155 


o 


i) 


56 


57 


367 


1.505 


166 




% Change 


-3.4 


-8.1 
















Col mar Manor 


1988 


11,166.7 


134 





1 


4 


14 


49 


50 


16 




1989 


10.250.0 


123 


o 





15 


g 


30 


55 


14 




% Change 


-8.2 


-8.2 
















Cottage City 


1988 


10,090.9 


111 








6 


6 


26 


55 


18 




1989 


12-363.6 


136 


o 


1 


g 


10 


20 


81 


15 






+22.5 


+22.5 
















District Heights 


1988 


4,200.0 


294 


1 


5 


15 


33 


80 


103 


57 




1989 


4,915,5 


349 


2 


2 


28 


38 


92 


117 


70 




% Chance 


+17,0 


+18.7 
















Eagle Harbor 


1988 


3,000.0 


3 














3 










1989 


5,000.0 


5 














4 


1 







% Change 


+65,7 


+66.7 
















Edmonston 


1988 


13,545.5 


149 











10 


48 


72 


19 




1989 


16,636.4 


183 


o 


o 


5 


9 


40 


95 


34 




% Change 


+22.8 


+22.8 
















Fairmount Heights 1988 


11,312.5 


181 


2 


n 


16 


23 






UK 




1989 


9,875.0 


158 


6 


3 


17 


30 


61 


24 


17 




1 Change 


-12.7 


-12.7 
















Forest Heights 


1988 


6,620.7 


192 








22 


25 


37 


59 


49 




1989 


6,133.3 


184 


1 


2 


16 


16 


52 


56 


41 




% Change 


-7.4 


-4,2 
















Glenarden 


1988 


5.977.8 


269 


1 


3 


22 


34 


87 


68 


54 




1989 


5.125.0 


246 


o 


7 


26 


24 


82 


71 


36 




1 Change 


-14.3 


-8,6 
















Greenbelt 


1988 


7.584.3 


1,259 


2 


5 


32 


45 


182 


758 


235 




1989 


6,932,5 


1,130 


o 


7 


41 


33 


136 


650 


263 




% Change 


-8,6 


-10.2 
















Hyattsville 


1988 


6,516.9 


769 


1 


3 


35 


21 


127 


434 


148 




1989 


6.949.2 


820 


o 


3 


50 


42 


186 


382 


157 




1 Change 


+6,5 


+5,6 
















Landover Hills 


1988 


6.000.0 


78 


1 





5 


3 


18 


36 


15 




1989 


6.384.6 


83 








4 


8 


17 


35 


19 




% Change 


+6.4 


+6,4 
















Laurel 


1988 


9.912,7 


1,249 


2 


6 


45 


50 


268 


698 


180 




1989 


9,348.8 


1.206 


1 


9 


56 


68 


245 


658 


169 




% Change 


-5.7 


-3,4 

















148 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1989 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


M/V 
IV V 

Theft 


Mornings ide 


1988 


3.461.5 


45 





1 


3 


7 


5 


21 


8 




1989 


4.818.2 


53 





3 


1 


3 


10 


31 


5 




% Change 


+39.2 


+17.8 
















Mt, Rainier 


1988 


7.831.2 


603 


1 


5 


51 


29 


106 


247 


164 




1989 


7.712.3 


563 


1 


9 


53 


17 


132 


224 


127 




I Change 


-1.5 


-6.6 
















New Carrollton 


1988 


6.960.3 


877 


1 


2 


34 


34 


181 


422 


203 




1989 


6.785.7 


855 


2 


4 


45 


49 


114 


438 


203 




1 Change 


-2.5 


-2.5 
















North Brentwood 


1988 


5.333.3 


32 








2 


3 


10 


15 


2 




1989 


3.000.0 


18 








1 





12 


4 


1 




1 Change 


-43.8 


-43.8 
















Riverdale 


1988 


8.686.3 


443 





6 


36 


39 


97 


199 


66 




1989 


8,176.5 


417 





5 


31 


35 


72 


200 


74 




1 Change 


-5.9 


-5.9 
















Seat Pleasant 


1988 


11.510.2 


564 





8 


60 


41 


114 


197 


144 




1989 


13.454.5 


592 


1 


7 


76 


46 


143 


199 


120 




1 Change 


+16.9 


+5.0 
















University Park 


1988 


2,692.3 


70 








1 





25 


36 


8 




1989 


2,240.0 


56 








1 





19 


28 


8 




1 Change 


-16.8 


-20.0 
















Upper Marlboro 


1988 


11,000.0 


88 








1 


3 


16 


53 


15 




1989 


8.111.1 


73 





1 





5 


14 


41 


12 




1 Change 


-26,3 


-17,0 
















REGION V 


BALTIMORE CITY 


Baltimore City 


1988 


9,310.1 


71,120 


234 


519 


7,418 


6,592 


14,359 


33.530 


8.468 




1989 


9.484.9 


72,379 


259 


543 


7,986 


6,876 


14,446 


34.081 


8,188 




1 Change 


+1.9 


+1.8 
















ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 


Annapolis 


1988 


7,893.4 


2,739 


4 


6 


105 


217 


661 


1.594 


152 




1989 


7.623,2 


2-630 


3 


28 


118 


216 


598 


1,557 


110 




% Change 


-3.4 


-4.0 
















HARFORD COUNTY 


Aberdeen 


1988 


7,714.3 


972 


2 


9 


30 


126 


219 


541 


45 




1989 


6,346.8 


787 


1 


10 


31 


57 


230 


410 


48 




% Change 


-17.7 


-19,0 
















Bel Air 


1988 


4,766.7 


429 








4 


39 


52 


319 


15 




1989 


4,407.8 


454 





4 


6 


36 


54 


339 


15 




% Change 


-7.5 


+5.8 
















Have de Grace 


1988 


5,362.6 


488 





2 


25 


20 


111 


288 


42 




1989 


6,375.0 


561 


1 





16 


32 


166 


301 


45 




% Change 


+18.9 


+15.0 

















149 



MARYLAND 
ARREST DATA 



ARREST DATA 



The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program requires the 
submission of monthly reports of persons arrested in the state. A 
record of arrest activity for both Part I and Part II crimes is 
received from state, county and municipal law enforcement agencies 
showing the age, sex and race of persons arrested. Traffic arrests, 
except Driving While Intoxicated, are not reported. A total of 266,125 
arrest for Part I and Part II criminal offenses were reported during 
1989. In 1988 there were 246,516 arrests which represents an 8 percent 
increase. Based on 1989 population estimates, there were 5,669.5 arrests 
per 100,000 population in Maryland. The arrest rate for 1988 was 5,308.3 
representing a 7 percent increase in the arrest rate. 

A person is counted on the monthly arrest report each time 
they are arrested. This means that a person may be arrested several 
times during a given month and would be counted each time. However, a 
person is counted only once each time regardless of the number of crimes 
or charges involved. A juvenile is counted as "arrested" when the circum- 
stances are such that, if the juvenile were an adult, an arrest would have 
been counted or when police or other official action is taken beyond a mere 
interview, warning or admonishment. 

Arrest figures do not indicate the number of individuals 
arrested or summonsed since, as stated above, one person may be arrested 
several times during the month. However, arrest information is useful in 
measuring the extent of law enforcement activities in a given geographic 
area as well as providing an index for measuring the involvement in criminal 
acts by the age, sex and race of perpetrators. 

21 percent of all reported arrests during both 1989 and 1988 
were for Crime Index Offenses (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated 
Assault, Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft). 
Analysis of Crime Index Arrest DAta indicates that Larceny comprised the 
highest percentage of all arrests for Crime Index crimes, with 50 percent 
of the total. The same trend for Larceny occurred in 1988 with 48 percent 
of the total. The Drug Abuse, Other Assaults, Driving Under the Influence, 
Disorderly Conduct, and All Other Offense categories continue to record 
the highest percentage of arrests for Part II Offenses. These offenses 
accounted for 83 percent of the total arrests for Part II Offenses in 1989 
and 1988. 



VIOLENT CRIME ARRESTS 

Arrests for crimes of violence (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery 
and Aggravated Assault) accounted for 21 percent of the total arrests for 
Crime Index Offenses and 5 percent of the total arrests in 1989 the same as 
in 1988. 

A further evaluation indicates that arrests for Robbery and 
Aggravated Assault represented the highest percentage of the total arrests 
for Violent Crimes with 31 and 58 percent, respectively. 



152 



PROPERTY CRIME ARRESTS 



Property Crime arrests (Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft and 
Motor Vehicle Theft) represented 79 percent of all arrests for Crime 
Index Offenses and 17 percent of the total arrest in 1989, as compared to 
79 percent of all arrests for Crime Index Offenses and 18 percent of the 
total arrests in 1988. 

The highest percentage of Property Crime arrests, 61 percent 
occurred in the Larceny category in 1989 the same as in 1988. 



DRUG ABUSE VIOLATION ARRESTS 

Information pertaining to Drug Abuse Violation arrests is collected 
according to specific drug categories and whether the arrest was for Sale or 
Manufacture or Possession of a specific drug. During 1989, a total of 36,170 
arrests for Drug Abuse Law Violations were reported compared to 1988 with 
30,263 arrests, resulting in a 20 percent increase. 

Evaluation of the reported data discloses that 2 percent of all 
persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations were under 21 years of age 
compared to 29 percent in 1988, and 11 percent were under 18 years of age 
in 1989 compared to 12 percent in 1988. 

Analysis of individual categories showed that the highest percentage 
of arrests, which involved Opium or Cocaine and derivatives, increased to 63 
percent in 1989 from 54 percent in 1988. Marijuana involvement decreased to 
29 percent in 1989 from 33 percent of the Drug Abuse Arrests in 1988. 67 
percent of total Drug Abuse Arrests were for possession while 33 percent were 
for sale or manufacture in 1989 the same as in 1988. 

Possession of Marijuana represented 22 percent of the total Drug 
Abuse Arrests in 1989 compared to 1988 with 28 percent. Possession of Opium 
or Cocaine and derivatives increased from 31 percent in 1988 to 33 percent of 
the total Drug Abuse Arrests in 1989. 



153 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Opi um/Cocai ne 


12,389 


22,590 


16,446 


10,200 


7,205 


5,504 


Marijuana 


10,493 


10,409 


9,948 


10,682 


9,773 


11,651 


Synthetic 


1 ,585 


1 ,455 


1 ,979 


2,239 


1,378 


873 


Other 


1 ,742 


1,716 


1 ,890 


1 ,831 


1,752 


1,522 


Total 


26,209 


36,170 


30,263 


24,952 


20,108 


19,550 


GAMBLING ARRESTS 












A total 
400 persons were 
decrease. 


of 264 Gambling arrests were reported during 1989. 
arrested for Gambling violations resulting in a 33 


In 1988, 
percent 


Arrests for Gambling offenses amounted to .1 percent of all reported 
Part I and Part II arrests in 1989 compared to .2 percent in 1988. Persons 
under the age of 18 made up 11 percent of all Gambling arrests compared to 3 
percent in 1988. 






5 YEAR TREND 










5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


Bookmaki ng 


38 


12 


22 


43 


70 


45 


Numbers 


75 


49 


59 


40 


95 


132 


Other 


336 


203 


319 


344 


411 


404 


Total 


449 


264 


400 


427 


576 


581 



154 



5 YEAR TREND 



TOTAL ARREST COMPARISON 

5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 

Juvenile 38,144 37,258 38,285 38,470 38,955 37,753 

Adult 196,395 228,867 208,231 192,331 180,902 171,646 

Total 234,539 266,125 246,516 230,801 219,857 209,399 



155 



ARRESTS 



JUVENILE 



500a 



4750-- 
4500-- 
4250-- 
4000- - 
3750- - 

NUMBER 

OF 3500- - 
ARRESTS 

3250-- 
3000- - 
2750-1 
2500-- 
2250- - 



200a 



JUVENILE ARRESTS 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



+ 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



156 



ARRESTS 

ADULTS 



23000- 



22000- - 



21000- - 



20000- - 



19000- - 



NUMBER 

OF 18000- 
ARRESTS 



17000-- 



16000-- 



15000-- 



14000-- 



1300O 



ADULT ARRESTS 1989 



5 YR. AVERAGE 











{ / 




"I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 V 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



157 



ARREST RATE 

FIVE YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 



MURDER 


8 


.6 


10 


.0 


8 


.5 


7 


.7 


8. 


.7 


8. 


.1 


RAPE 


18 


.6 


18 


.5 


18 


.0 


17, 


.3 


19, 


,9 


19, 


,1 


ROBBERY 


80, 


.1 


79, 


.0 


75, 


.8 


74, 


.4 


84. 


.7 


86, 


,7 


AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 


159. 


.7 


145. 


,5 


150, 


.0 


163. 


,6 


169. 


.2 


170, 


.2 


BREAKING OR ENTERING 


232. 


1 


231 . 


.8 


225. 


.1 


230. 


,4 


230. 


.1 


242. 


.9 


LARCENY 


575. 


,2 


595. 


9 


580. 


,5 


569. 


.2 


569. 


,6 


560, 


.8 


MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 


108. 


.9 


151 . 


,9 


144. 


,6 


130. 


,0 


118. 


.1 


92, 


.9 


CRIME INDEX TOTALS 


1 ,201 , 


.7 


1 ,232, 


.6 


1 ,202. 


,4 


1 ,192. 


,5 


1 ,200, 


,3 


1 ,180, 


,7 



Arrest rates are a measure of law enforcement activity in response to crime. The 
above table represents the Crime Index arrest rates per 100,000 inhabitant's in 
Maryl and. 



158 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 


SEX 


RACE 


OF OFFENSES 


MALE 




FEMALE 


WHITE 


BLACK 


AMERICAN 
INDIAN 


ASIAN 


Murder & Nonnegligent 
Mansl aughter 


421 




50 


93 


376 


1 


1 


Manslaughter by 
Negl igence 


20 




7 


22 


5 








Forcible Rape 


857 




12 


285 


581 


1 


2 


Robbery 


3,485 




224 


669 


3.033 


2 


5 


Felonious Assault 


5,712 




1,119 


3,148 


3,634 


21 


28 


Breaking or Entering 


10,002 




880 


5,123 


5,702 


19 


38 


Larceny-Theft 


20,503 




7,468 


12,532 


15,221 


26 


192 


Motor Vehicle Theft 


6,526 




602 


1,711 


5,385 


9 


23 


Other Assaults 


20,932 




4,559 


12,873 


12,466 


62 


90 


Arson 


483 




79 


376 


179 


3 


4 


Forgery & Counterfeiting 


99i 




383 


680 


693 





8 


Fraud 


2,446 




2,284 


2,727 


1,987 


3 


13 


Embezzlement 


322 




211 


221 


308 





4 


Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, 
Possessing 


354 




40 


219 


174 





1 


Vandalism 


4,984 




594 


3,745 


1 ,795 


15 


23 


Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 


4,109 




328 


1,910 


2,491 


5 


31 


Prostitution & Commercialized Vice 


584 




764 


569 


768 


7 


4 


Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 


2,073 




254 


1.276 


1 ,038 


7 


6 


Drug Abuse Violations 


30,325 




5,845 


14,252 


21 ,812 


57 


49 


Gambl i ng 


216 




48 


145 


111 





8 


Offenses Against Family 
and Chi ldren 


997 




246 


720 


510 


7 


6 


Driving under the Influence 


30,703 




4,564 


28,864 


6,044 


29 


330 


Liquor Laws 


4,069 




670 


3.485 


1.234 


6 


14 


Disorderly Conduct 


5,077 




1 ,059 


3,453 


2,654 


16 


13 


Vagrancy 


319 




48 


178 


189 








All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 


63,628 




10,666 


38,529 


35,185 


105 


475 


Suspicion 


443 




89 


278 


253 


1 





Cut'few & Loitering 
Law Violations 


374 




67 


232 


209 








Run-Aways 


839 




1 ,164 


1,443 


54b 


5 


9 


GRAND TOTAL 


221 ,801 




44,324 


139,758 


124,583 


407 


1,377 



159 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



9 t. 
Under 



a~g~t 

10-12 13-14 



A G E 



16 17 Juvenile 18 

Total 



22 23 



Murder & Nonnegligent 
Mansl aughter 



Manslaughter by 
Negl igence 



Forcible Rape 4 22 

Robbery 5 59 

Felonious Assault 40 130 

Breaking or Entering 89 444 

Larceny-Theft 305 1,055 

Motor Vehicle Theft 10 115 

Other Assaults 149 427 

Arson 47 84 

Forgery & Counterfeiting 2 

Fraud 2 9 

Embezzlement 



Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, 
Possessing 



Vandalism 162 431 

Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 8 25 

Prostitution & Commercialized Vice 



Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution S Commercialized Vice) 



Drug Abuse Violations 
Gambl i ng 



Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



Driving under the Influence 1 

Liquor Laws 

Disorderly Conduct 8 

Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 106 

Suspicion 5 



Curfew 4 Loitering 

Law Violations 4 25 



Run-Aways 21 176 



42 42 



46 




41 




27 



1 



1 



174 211 



307 230 



473 498 556 



1,972 1,261 1,441 1, 



903 842 



16 
583 
151 



145 



419 1,064 



18 
23 
16 



11 

363 



171 



26 27 



439 37 



224 401 



128 192 



243 



1 ,323 



1 



27 



162 28 

796 251 201 

1,326 280 251 

2,806 601 570 

7,522 1,310 1,141 

3,742 592 417 



733 547 662 692 3,210 788 873 



307 15 



2,494 324 247 



689 288 284 



654 1,139 1,700 3,981 1,992 2,124 



95 111 103 103 



338 714 1,011 

784 491 464 

786 294 272 

14 28 21 

4,913 2,149 3,015 

96 25 19 

441 



184 
269 
456 
996 
308 



70 
1 ,892 

6 

41 



37 
168 



897 



931 



166 



151 



69 



383 244 



275 312 



166 183 

244 252 

456 422 

885 897 

218 198 

,145 1,209 



197 258 



27 23 



17 



10 

181 171 
199 201 



74 70 



,939 1,790 1,767 
6 3 3 

49 



42 47 
1,048 1,317 1,421 1,470 



215 180 



279 270 



20 21 



3,149 3,266 3,411 3,496 



656 446 417 287 2,003 



GRAND TOTAL 



1,011 3,631 8,388 6,560 



9,480 37,258 10,487 11,341 10,793 10,899 11,185 11,360 



160 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



A G E 

25-29 30-34 



35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 



A G E 

55-59 60-64 



65 & 
Over 



Total 



Murder & Nonnegligent 
Mansl aughter 



Manslaughter by 
Negl i gence 



Forcible Rape 26 

Robbery 196 

Felonious Assault 289 

Breaking or Entering 406 

Larceny-Theft 889 

Motor Vehicle Theft 146 

Other Assaults 1 ,218 

Arson 9 

Forgery & Counterfeiting 60 

Fraud 244 

Embezzlement 32 



Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, 
Possessing 21 



Vandalism 153 
Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 180 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice 61 



Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 82 



Drug Abuse Violations 
Gambl i ng 



Offenses Against Family 
and Chi Idren 



1 ,848 
1 

78 

Driving under the Influence 1,622 
Liquor Laws 167 
Disorderly Conduct 305 
Vagrancy 16 
All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 3,728 
Suspicion 20 



Curfew S Loi teri ng 
Law Violations 



180 

785 
1 ,191 
1,998 
4,597 

617 
5,642 
60 

392 
1,198 

122 

62 
700 
806 
412 

390 
8.019 
23 

297 



1 ,139 
72 

17,022 
113 



122 
432 
928 
1,343 
3,804 
365 
3,986 
34 
217 
923 
77 

40 
486 
588 
298 

315 
5,537 
17 

249 



7,781 6,327 



683 



63 

12,602 
71 



101 



221 



177 



160 



213 



17 



236 



545 



48 



43 



77 

608 381 
820 316 
2,432 1,252 



64 



2,463 1,429 
27 19 



56 



610 342 



130 



65 



2o 



159 



25 



214 112 



149 42 



605 284 



32 12 



760 395 



189 85 



52 29 



38 21 



158 132 



16 



68 



3,031 1,352 490 207 



27 23 



192 97 49 32 

4,163 2,928 1,991 1,276 



99 49 



304 210 129 



33 16 13 6 

7.714 4,301 2,438 1,312 



74 74 

22 22 

211 123 

8 5 

230 1 36 



18 10 

46 32 

121 43 

30 13 

15 2 

885 556 

43 44 

85 49 

1 

803 539 



3 421 471 

26 27 

6 707 869 

3 2,913 3,709 

73 5,505 6,831 

10 8,076 10,882 

126 20,449 27,971 

3 3,386 7,128 

167 22,281 25,491 

2 255 562 

1,312 1,381 
15 4,632 4,730 

1 488 533 

316 394 

19 3,084 5.578 
17 3,748 4,437 

20 1,322 1,348 



37 32,189 36,170 



27 



235 264 



Run-Aways 



9 1,230 1,243 

419 34,929 35,267 

29 3.955 4,739 

47 5,350 6,136 

2 353 367 

436 69,381 74,294 

436 532 

441 

2,003 



GRAND TOTAL 



,816 



54,396 40.185 



24,668 13,789 7,733 4,220 



2,737 1,755 1,503 228,867 266,125 



161 



TABLES FOR ARRESTS 
AGENCY ARE CONTAINED 
"MARYLAND 



BY REGION, COUNTY, AND 
IN THE SUPPLEMENT REPORT 
ARREST DATA" 



162 



LAW 
ENFORCEMENT 
EMPLOYEE DATA 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 



One law enforcement officer was killed in the line of duty in 
Maryland during 1989. Tne following summary is based on information 
provided by his Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation who 
conduct in-depth investigations of these tragic incidents in which law 
enforcement officers have made the supreme sacrifice in the performance 
of their duties. 



OCTOBER 10, 1989 

A Baltimore City Police Officer died at 7:50 A.M. on October 
10, 1989 as the result of gunshot wounds sustained at approximately 
3:25 A.M. that morning upon responding to a call for Narcotics being 
sold in an apartment building. At about 3:25 A.M. on October 10, 1989 
the Officer, age 38 responded to a call for Narcotics being sold in the 
hallway of the apartment building. Upon arrival the Officer, a ten year 
veteran of the Department, entered the building and proceeded up the 
stairs to a landing where he encountered a 20 year old subject who with- 
out warning shot him twice in the head and once in the left shoulder. 
The subject attempted to flee the scene and encountered another Officer 
whereupon they exchanged gunfire. During the exchange the second Officer 
was struck in the left hand and right chest, but was protected from 
serious injury by his soft body armor vest. The subject also sustained a 
wound to the abdomen from which he later recovered and was arrested at 
the scene. 



165 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ASSAULTED 



The following information is based on a detailed monthly collection 
of data in the Uniform Crime Reporting System regarding the problem of 
assaults on local, county and state law enforcement officers. The large 
number of reported assaults on sworn officers is in part due to a prevalent 
attitude of disrespect for law enforcement in certain elements of our 
society. 

A total of 5,332 law enforcement officers in Maryland were victims 
of assault in the line of duty during 1989 compared to 5,020 assaults during 
1988 resulting in a 6 percent increase. 

The rate of assaults on law enforcement officers for the state was 
42 assaults for every 100 sworn officers in 1989 compared to 41 assaults per 
100 sworn officers in 1988. 

Physical force was used in 88 percent of all assaults on police 

officers. 

The greatest number of assaults 1,965 (37 percent) occurred while 
officers were responding to disturbance calls (family disputes, man with a 
gun, etc.). 33 percent of assaults on police officers occurred between 
10:01 P.M. and 2:00 A.M. 

A total of 5,274 assaults on law enforcement officers were cleared 
during 1989 amounting to a 99 percent clearance rate. 



5 YEAR TREND 





INJURY 


VS NON- 


INJURY 










5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


No Personal Injury 


3,752 


4,338 


3,993 


3,783 


3,419 


3,227 


Personal Injury 


866 


994 


1 ,027 


820 


749 


742 


Total 


4,618 


5,332 


5,020 


4,603 


4,168 


3,969 






WEAPONS 








Fi rearm 


140 


153 


161 


131 


119 


138 


Knife 


58 


53 


73 


39 


60 


67 


Other 


350 


445 


406 


328 


324 


245 


Physical Force 


4,070 


4,681 


4,380 


4,105 


3,665 


3,519 


Total 


4,618 


5,332 


5,020 


4,603 


4,168 


3,969 



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180 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program in Maryland incorporates 
the collection of pertinent data relating to the police of the State. 
Information regarding police employee strength is discussed in this 
section. 

This information is submitted by county, municipal, and state 
law enforcement agencies and compiled on an annual basis. Specific 
information concerning the number of law enforcement employees reflects 
the status as of October 31, 1989. 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 

In 1989, the average number of full-time law enforcement 
employees (county, municipal and state) including civilian employees, 
amounted to 3.4 for each 1,000 inhabitants of the State. The rate 
based on sworn personnel only (excluding civilians), amounted to 2.7 
per 1,000 population. In 1988, the average number of full-time law 
enforcement employees amounted to the same 3.4 for each 1,000 inhabitants 
and 2.7 sworn personnel per 1,000 inhabitants of the State. 

The ratio of law enforcement employees per 1,000 population in 
any given area or municipality is influenced by a number of factors, 
much the same as the crime rate. The determination of law enforcement 
strength for a given county or municipality is based on factors such as 
population density, size and character of the community, geographic 
location, proximity to metropolitan areas, and other conditions which 
exist in the area generating the need for law enforcement services. 
Employee rates also differ among agencies since, in particular, there is 
a wide variation of the responsibilities and level of activity within 
various law enforcement agencies. The information in this section re- 
lates to reported police employee strength and should not be interpreted 
as recommended strength for any area. 



CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES 

The personnel of each law enforcement agency differ as to the 
demands and responsibilities placed before them. Many police officers 
are fully occupied with clerical tasks and are not free to perform 
active police duties. Some police administrators use civilians in this 
capacity, thus freeing the sworn personnel for actual police related 
services . 

As of October 31, 1989, 3,534 or 22 percent of the total number 
of police employees in Maryland were civilians. 



181 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 



* NUMBER SWORN **RATE 

REGION I 883 2.6 

Caroline County 48 1 .9 

Cecil County 166 2.3 

Dorchester County 65 2.1 

Kent County 36 2.1 

Queen Anne's County 66 2.0 

Somerset County 55 2.8 

Talbot County " 84 3.0 

Wicomico County 206 2.8 

Worcester County 157 4.2 

REGION II 347 1.6 

Cal vert County 78 1.6 

Charles County 167 1.7 

St. Mary's County 102 1.4 

REGION III 767 1.6 

Allegany County 151 2.0 

Carroll County 169 1 .4 

Frederick County 233 1.6 

Garrett County 40 1.5 

Washington County 174 1.5 

REGION IV 2,865 2.0 

Montgomery County 1,183 1.7 

Pr. George's County 1,682 2.4 

REGION V 7,069 3.2 

Baltimore City 3,218 4.2 

Anne Arundel County 881 2.1 

Baltimore County 2,128 3.0 

Harford County 388 2.2 

Howard County 454 2.7 

STATEWIDE 695 



STATE TOTAL 12,626 2.7 



*Number sworn persons only 
*Rate per 1,000 population 

182 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



REGION I 1,109 883 226 907 202 

CAROLINE COUNTY 72 48 24 60 12 

Denton 8 8 8 

Federal sburg 7 7 7 

Goldsboro 110 10 

Greensboro 2 2 2 

Preston 3 3 3 

Ridgely 2 2 2 

Sheriff's Dept. 39 15 24 28 11 

State Police 10 10 9 1 

CECIL COUNTY 204 166 38 168 36 

Elkton 27 21 6 19 8 

North East 5 4 1 4 1 

Port Deposit 2 2 2 

Rising Sun 4 3 1 3 1 

Sheriff's Dept. 35 30 5 29 6 

State Police 131 106 25 111 20 

DORCHESTER COUNTY 85 65 20 73 12 

Cambridge 43 31 12 35 8 

Hurlock 6 6 6 

Sheriff's Dept. 22 12 2 12 2 

State Police 14 12 2 12 2 

KENT COUNTY 40 36 4 35 5 

Chestertown 10 9 1 8 2 

Rock Hall 3 3 3 

Sheriff's Dept. 14 13 1 13 1 

State Police 13 11 2 112 

QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 78 66 12 66 12 

Centreville 8 8 8 

Sheriff's Dept. 19 18 1 17 2 

State Police 51 40 11 41 10 



183 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



SOMERSET COUNTY 58 55 3 49 9 

Crisfield 11 2 8 3 

Princess Anne 7 7 6 1 

Univ. of Md.-East Shore 13 12 1 112 

Sheriff's Dept. 9 9 8 1 

State Police 18 18 16 2 

TALBOT COUNTY 1 12 84 28 91 21 

Easton 42 29 13 32 10 

Oxford 3 3 3 

St. Michael 's 6 6 6 

Sheriff's Dept. 12 10 2 9 3 

State Police 49 36 13 41 8 

WICOMICO COUNTY 255 206 49 206 49 

Delmar 7 6 1 7 

Fruitland 8 7 1 7 1 

Salisbury 77 61 16 57 20 

Salisbury St. Univ. 18 16 2 14 4 

Sheriff's Dept. 72 59 13 60 12 

State Police 73 57 16 61 12 

WORCESTER COUNTY 205 157 48 159 46 

Berlin 10 7 3 7 3 

Ocean City 96 74 22 73 23 

Ocean Pines 16 115 12 4 

Pocomoke City 16 12 4 12 4 

Snow Hill 6 6 6 

Sheriff's Dept. 23 20 3 20 3 

State Police 38 27 11 29 9 

REGION II 420 347 73 351 69 

CALVERT COUNTY 89 78 11 77 12 

North Beach 5 5 5 

Sheriff's Dept. 41 38 3 36 5 

State Police 43 35 8 36 7 



184 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



CHARLES COUNTY 



210 



167 



43 



174 



36 



La Plata 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



4 

148 
58 



4 
121 
42 





27 
16 



4 

120 
50 




28 
8 



ST. MARY'S COUNTY 



121 



102 



19 



100 



21 



St. Mary's College 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



8 
64 
49 



7 
58 
37 



1 

6 

12 



5 
51 
44 



3 
13 
5 



REGION III 



ALLEGANY COUNTY 



1,019 
190 



767 
151 



252 
39 



857 



165 



162 



25 



Cumberland 55 

Frostburg 17 

Frostburg St. Univ. 18 

Lonaconing 2 

Luke 2 

Westernport 5 

State's Att. Office 11 

Sneriff's Dept. 17 

State Police 63 



47 
13 
17 
2 
2 
5 
1 

16 
48 



8 
4 
1 




10 
1 

15 



47 
15 
16 

2 
2 
5 
5 

16 

57 



CARROLL COUNTY 



199 



169 



30 



170 



29 



Hampstead 2 

Manchester 3 

New Windsor 1 

Springfield Hospital 5 

Sykesville 6 

Taneytown 5 

Westminster 36 

Sheriff's Dept. 29 

State Police 112 



2 
3 
1 
4 
5 
5 
28 
26 
95 






1 
1 


8 
3 
17 



2 
3 
1 

4 
4 
5 
28 
26 
97 






1 
2 

8 
3 
15 



185 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 







NUMBER 


NUMBER 


NUMBER 


NUMBE] 




TOTAL 


SWORN 


CIVILIAN 


MALE 


FEMAL1 


FREDERICK 


281 


233 


48 


234 


47 


Brunswick 


12 


10 


2 


9 


3 


Frederick 


89 


76 


13 


72 


17 


Thurmont 


5 


5 





5 





Sheriff's Dept. 


74 


64 


10 


59 


15 


State Police 


101 


78 


23 


89 


12 


GARRETT 


56 


40 


16 


49 


7 


Oakl and 


4 


3 


1 


3. 


1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


27 


15 


12 


23 


4 


State Police 


25 


22 


3 


23 


2 


WASHINGTON COUNTY 


293 


174 


119 


239 


54 


Hagerstown 


105 


77 


28 


89 


16 


Hancock 


5 


4 


1 


3 


2 


Smi thsburg 


1 


1 





1 





Sheriff's Dept. 


123 


47 


76 


93 


30 


State Pol i ce 


59 


45 


14 


53 


6 


KtliLrlUJN IV 


, OOl) 




/bo 


O 7 "3/1 


Q.QC 


MONTGOMERY COUNTY 


1 ,458 


1 ,183 


275 


1 ,079 


379 


Chevy Chase 


8 


7 


1 


6 


2 


Gai thersburg 


17 


16 


1 


15 


2 


Mat- Pan D a »|/ 

ria . iNat. tap. rarK 




/y 


1 


7 1 
/ 1 


9 A 


Montgomery 


1 ,091 


878 


213 


807 


284 


Rockvi 1 1 e 


49 


35 


14 


35 


14 


Takoma Park 


41 


34 


7 


33 


8 


Sheriff's Dept. 


104 


91 


13 


72 


32 


State Police 


53 


43 


10 


40 


13 


PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 


2,172 


1 ,682 


490 


1 ,655 


517 


Berwyn Heights 


5 


3 


2 


3 


2 


Bl adensburg 


20 


15 


5 


14 


6 


Bowie State Univ. 


16 


12 


4 


9 


7 


Capitol Heights 


8 


7 


1 


5 


3 



186 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 
(CONT'D) 



Cheverly 


13 


11 


2 


9 


4 


Cottage City 


3 


3 





3 





District Heights 


7 


6 


1 


6 


1 


Edmonston 


4 


4 





4 





Forest Heights 


5 


5 





5 





Gl enarden 


12 


11 


1 


9 


3 


Greenbel t 


54 


42 


12 


41 


13 


Hyat tsvi i i e 


o 1 


cc. 


q 




7 
/ 


Landover Hills 


3 


3 





3 





Laurel 


54 


38 


16 


39 


15 


Md. Nat. Cap. Park 


93 


78 


15 


72 


21 


Morni ngside 


5 


5 





5 





i v it . Ka i n i er 


1 5 




4 


1 1 


4 


Pr. George's Co. 


1 ,352 


1,036 


316 


1 ,032 


320 


Ri verdal e 


1 5 


1 


b 


\ U 


□ 


Univ. of Md.-C.P. 


lb 


c o 
Do 


Q 
O 


CO 

OO 


1 O 


University Park 


1 


7 


U 


7 
/ 


n 
u 


Upper Marlboro 


1 


1 


U 


1 


A 

u 


Sheriff's Dept. 


232 


1 72 


60 


\ Do 


a a 


State Police 


141 


1 1 2 


29 


117 
1 1 / 


OA 


ION V 


8,693 


7,069 


1,624 


6,861 


1 ,832 


\LTIMORE CITY 


3,835 


3,218 


617 


3,072 


763 


Baltimore City 


3,455 


2,915 


540 


2,778 


677 


Coppin State Univ. 


15 


13 


2 


12 


3 


Morgan State Univ. 


30 


24 


6 


23 


7 


Mass Transit Admn. 


82 


79 


3 


66 


16 


Univ. of Balto. 


17 


10 


7 


11 


6 


Univ. of Md.-Balt. 


96 


51 


45 


67 


29 


Sheriff's Dept. 


129 


116 


13 


107 


22 


State Police 


11 


10 


1 


8 


3 



187 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 







NUMBER 


NUMBER 


NUMBER 


NUMBE] 




TOTAL 


SWORN 


CIVILIAN 


MALE 


FEMAL1 


ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 


1,179 


881 


298 


885 


294 


Annapol i s 


145 


110 


35 


102 


43 


Anne Arundel Co. 


~i r\r\ 

700 


524 


t "7 r 

1 76 


f~ O "7 

537 


1 63 


General Services 


87 


43 


44 


50 


37 


Sheriff's Dept. 


26 


25 


1 


21 


5 


State Police 


221 


179 


42 


175 


46 






C , 1 CO 


3 1 D 


? 1 D7 

C , 1 \l 1 


jj/ 


Baltimore Co. 


1 ,737 


1 ,543 


194 


1 ,447 


290 


Md. Port Admin. 


73 


69 


4 


59 


14 


Sparrows Point 


14 


14 





14 





Towson St. Univ. 


48 


33 


1 5 


36 


12 


Univ. of Md.-Balto. Co. 


28 


20 


8 


23 


5 


Sheriff's Dept. 


56 


52 


4 


45 


11 


State Police 


688 


397 


291 


483 


205 


HARFORD COUNTY 


429 


388 


41 


321 


108 


Aberdeen 


42 


34 


8 


33 


9 


Bel Air 


38 


29 


9 


27 


1 1 


Havre de Grace 


31 


23 


8 


22 


9 


Sheriff's Dept. 


237 


237 





171 


66 


State Police 


81 


65 


16 


68 


13 


HOWARD COUNTY 


606 


454 


152 


476 


130 


Howard Co. 


346 


276 


70 


270 


76 


Sheriff's Dept. 


39 


24 


15 


28 


11 


State Police 


221 


154 


67 


178 


43 


STATEWIDE AGENCIES 


1 ,289 


695 


594 


1 ,057 


232 


Md. Alcohol Tax Enf. 


14 


13 


1 


12 


2 


Md. Park Service 


635 


186 


449 


557 


78 


Md. Toll Facilities 


319 


231 


88 


213 


106 


Natural Resources 


272 


228 


44 


239 


33 


State Fire Marshal 


49 


37 


12 


36 


13 


MARYLAND TOTALS 16,160 


12,626 


3,534 


12,767 


3,393 



188 



10 YEAR COUNTY TREND 



1989 1988 1987 1985 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 
Carol i ne 

Population 25.695 25.295 24.385 24.223 23.832 23.838 23.752 23.550 23.528 23.148 

Index Crime 539 521 533 677 567 505 655 722 779 627 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 48 45 42 42 45 48 42 38 43 42 



Population 72.922 70.858 68.584 

Index Crime 2.497 2.338 2.365 

Sworn law Enforcement Officers 156 163 160 



Cecil 














67.238 


66.143 


64.216 


61.713 


61.157 


61.099 


60.113 


2.167 


2.099 


2.068 


2.231 


2.373 


2.572 


2.390 


142 


152 


153 


112 


167 


150 


154 



Population 30.875 30.621 30.380 

Index Crime 1.524 1.411 1.343 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 65 75 67 



Dorchester 

30.693 30.194 30,853 31.361 31.079 31.050 30.549 

1.330 1.241 1.082 1.187 1.490 1.517 1.411 

79 59 61 65 61 61 64 











Kent 














Population 


17,266 


17.410 


17.171 


17.127 


16.864 


16.877 


17.124 


16.970 


16.954 


16,680 


Index Crime 


414 


384 . 


460 


536 


537 


546 


502 


599 


581 


609 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


36 


37 


27 


34 


30 


29 


28 


29 


28 


29 










Queen Anne 














Population 


32.500 


31.747 


30.076 


28.420 


27.972 


27.090 


26.199 


25.963 


25,939 


25,520 


Index Crime 


834 


882 


750 


741 


829 


758 


770 


760 


814 


828 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


65 


60 


59 


55 


50 


50 


53 


43 


49 


52 



Population 19,703 19.970 19.610 

Index Crime 555 696 723 

Sworn Law Enforcement Off icers 55 48 46 



Somerset 

19.147 18.884 18.973 19.547 19.372 19.353 19.041 

648 559 491 492 580 697 715 

37 44 44 43 46 50 50 



Population 28.437 28.470 27.637 

Index Crime 1,202 988 1,025 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 84 85 84 



Talbot 

27,524 27,063 26,695 26,174 25,939 25.914 25.496 

1.063 922 912 870 959 1.113 975 

73 78 78 85 79 79 85 



Wicomico 

Population 73,125 72.609 70.413 67.740 66.648 66.574 66,705 66,102 56,040 64,974 

Index Crime 3.943 4.365 4.107 3.720 3.250 2.795 2.948 3.590 3.658 3.842 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 205 175 161 158 157 158 159 152 155 142 

Worcester 



Population 37.476 37,482 36,680 34,294 33,728 31,953 31.109 30.829 30.800 30,303 

Index Crime 3.192 3.035 3.158 3.522 3,078 2.675 2.586 2.801 3.066 3,125 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 157 157 157 153 156 152 154 147 146 145 



Population 48,750 47,621 44,402 

Index Crime 1,230 1,115 1,124 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 78 69 62 



Calvert 

40,299 39,686 36.985 35.222 34,904 34,871 34,308 

1-173 1,171 964 886 1.074 1.267 1.231 

65 63 64 63 62 59 55 



189 

i 



COUNTY TRENDS 



1989 1988 1987 1985 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 
Charles 

Population 96.281 95.856 90.430 89.937 82.603 79.140 74.271 73.599 73.530 72.343 

Index Crime 4.256 4.158 3,801 3,319 2,988 2,964 2,773 3,129 3,360 3,298 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 167 170 158 149 150 163 157 153 151 140 



Population 71.398 71.380 68.381 

Index Crime 2.479 2.633 2,118 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 102 95 91 



St, Mary ' s 

65.135 64.123 62.450 61.393 60.837 60.780 59.799 

1.927 1,879 1,760 1.596 1.826 2.086 2.029 

78 76 77 76 74 75 75 



Allegany 

Population 76.375 76.500 75.697 78.947 77.655 80.835 82,605 81,858 81,781 80,461 

Index Crime 2-280 2,131 2,011 2,006 1,795 1,857 1,948 _ 2,189 2,473 2.474 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 151 159 154 154 157 164 166 174 174 177 



Carroll 

Population 120.554 118.898 113.393 107.514 105,829 102,737 98,637 97,748 97,657 96,080 

Index Crime 3,144 2,969 2,717 2,608 2,098 2,321 2,182 2,459 2,635 2,878 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 169 162 149 150 151 159 161 138 136 129 



Population 141.882 140.302 133.612 

Index Crime 4.524 4.486 4.008 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 233 212 209 



Frederick 

127.271 125.217 122.120 116,584 115.529 115.420 113.557 

3,908 3.952 3,960 4,170 4,361 4,696 4,457 

192 190 191 181 189 189 205 



Population 27.320 27.036 26,926 

Index Crime 676 610 648 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 40 47 44 



Garrett 

27,553 27.164 27.369 27.207 26.962 26,937 26,502 

616 495 618 639 644 707 675 

39 41 39 39 43 43 45 



Population 119,640 118,591 115,933 

Index Crime 3,078 2,924 3,245 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 174 174 167 



Washington 

114,891 113,100 113,834 115.768 114.722 114.614 112.764 

3,040 2,914 2,799 3,174 3,367 3,876 3,910 

174 167 160 174 173 180 190 



Population 715.912 702,535 675,886 

Index Crime 27,706 30,623 28,784 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 1,183 1,111 1,059 



Montgomery 

640,356 630,126 605,398 589,400 584.061 583.513 574.093 

27.105 26.182 24,253 23.368 27.500 30.961 31.474 

1,039 991 989 1.028 1.011 954 964 



Population 711,951 
Index Crime 49,274 
Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 1,682 



Prince George's 

702,944 692,346 693,240 682,233 681, 

49,672 47,128 45,385 42,854 39. 

1.580 1,521 1.505 1,463 1. 



610 


675,231 


669.127 


668.499 


657.707 


478 


41,112 


46.976 


52.832 


51,762 


436 


1,391 


1.385 


1.337 


1,329 



Baltimore City 

Population 763,138 763,880 764,893 783,542 771,097 788,604 805,527 791.175 797.429 784,554 

Index Crime 72-380 71,121 66.659 67.345 67.375 66.877 70.080 74.212 79.102 78.184 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 3.218 3,308 3,231 3,277 3,272 3,336 3,056 3.307 3,273 3,407 



190 



COUNTY TRENDS 



1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 
Anne Arundel 

Population 424.121) 422.647 412.522 399.108 392.718 388.659 379.967 376.525 376.172 370.099 

Index Crime 18.964 19.008 19.303 19.715 17.148 16.955 16.894 18.775 20.435 20.316 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 881 818 768 755 787 803 780 771 744 704 



Baltimore County 

Population 700.068 692.703 681.068 690.668 679.708 671.586 668.705 662.646 662.025 651.337 

Index Crime 41,775 43.961 41.541 43.228 39.861 38.577 38.774 43.817 47.183 46.638 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 2.128 2.094 2.050 2.019 1.876 1.834 1.877 1.981 1.934 2.006 



Harford 

Population 173.062 167.646 160.945 154.882 152.381 151.550 148.188 146.846 146.708 144.340 

Index Crime 5.534 5.875 5.620 5.426 4,782 4.409 4.292 5.179 5.887 6.119 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 388 373 343 318 319 309 363 285 282 271 



Howard 

Population 165,546 160.989 153.629 139.251 137.032 129.114 121.601 120.500 120.387 118.443 

Index Crime 8.307 8.165 7,990 8,086 7,227 6,609 5.744 6.079 6.481 6.986 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 454 433 389 368 344 276 303 277 262 264 



191 



DO NOT CIRCULATE 



J 



4fa B20656 8/90